Back in 2003, the skeletal fragments of nine small hominids were found in the Liang Bua Cave on Flores, an Indonesian Island.

The find included an almost complete skull and partial skeleton of a probable female around 30 years of age, which was named LB1.

Nicknamed “The Hobbit”, LB1 was a part of a new species called Homo floresiensis that is believed to have survived until 60,000 years ago, which makes it still contemporary with Homo sapiens in that region.

That theory flew out the window when another “hobbit”-sized skeleton on Flores was discovered, one even older than LB1.

And just this year, another dwarf human species--dubbed Homo luzonensis--was discovered in the Philippines.

“Islands are different [because] they are small, they harbor little diversity of species, and more importantly, you can’t go away.”

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