Called “the greatest battle implement ever devised” by no less a luminary than General George S. Patton, the M1 Garand operated as the standard US service rifle during World War II and the Korean War. Developed by John C. Garand, a Canadian-born designer of firearms, the M1 Garand was born of fifteen years of design innovation at the Springfield Armory, wherein Mr. Garand pioneered his design for a basic, gas-operated self-loading infantry rifle.
Gas-operation uses a portion of high-pressure gas from the discharged cartridge to power a mechanism that extracts and ejects the spent casing and inserts a new cartridge into the weapon’s chamber. In Garand’s original design for the M1, a complicated system involving a special muzzle was used to power the gas along. This system was later dropped in favor of a simpler drilled port. In both designs, the expanding gases from a fired cartridge are diverted into a gas cylinder, where the gases meet a long-stroke piston attached to an operating rod, which is pushed rearward by the force of the gases. The operating rod engages a rotating bolt inside the receiver, which is attached to the receiver by means of two lugs that rotate, unlock, and initiate the ejection of the spent cartridge, as well as the rifle’s reloading cycle. Subsequent to the engagement of the rotating bolt, the operating rod is returned to its original position.
The M1 Garand is fed by an en bloc clip, a clip design invented by Ferdinand Mannlicher in the late 19th century wherein both cartridges and clip are inserted as a single unit into a rifle’s magazine. After the clip has been spent, it automatically falls from the rifle after the chambering of the last round. The Garand’s en bloc holds eight rounds of .30-06 Springfield ammunition. When the last cartridge is fired, the rifle ejects the clip and opens the bolt. Once a new clip is inserted, the bolt snaps forward on its own.
By modern standards, the Garand’s feeding system is fairly archaic, however, at the time of its development it was seen as revolutionary.
The Garand was manufactured in large numbers during World War II. Approximately five and a half million rifles were made during the period, used by every branch of the US military. The impact of the weapon on combat was so great that it stimulated both Allied and Axis forces to increase their issue of semi-automatic weapons in production, as well as to develop new kinds of infantry firearms. The Garand was so capable a weapon, it continued to be used through the 1960s.
At Sarco Inc., we have the Garand parts kits you need to build your own semi-automatic rifle, or maintenance your weapon. From extractors to ejectors, from sears to barrels to recoil springs, Sarco stocks every piece of the Garand.
Sarco, Inc. is your stop for Garand parts kits. We began life on the gun show circuit, and have since expanded into arguably the largest dealer in surplus war material in the country. With three generations of Steens in the mix, Sarco continues its focus on rare original firearms parts, while expanding into complete firearms, commercial firearms, accessories, militaria, and re-enactment accoutrements. Check out our inventory online or give us a call today. Currently, we manage our sales through three avenues: the web, phone, and our showroom. Located at 50 Hilton St, in Easton, PA, our 7,000 square foot showroom stocks over 2,000 firearms—products ranging from original militaria to new commercial tactical accessories. We provide retail and wholesale products on both the domestic and international levels. Contact us today at (610) 250-3960 to get started with your Sarco Inc. experience.