Nature photography is a wide range of photography taken outdoors and devoted to displaying natural elements such as landscapes, wildlife, plants, and close-ups of natural scenes and textures. Nature photography emphasizes the aesthetic value of the photo than other photography genres, such as photojournalism and documentary photography.

Several ethical concerns and debates surround the creation of nature photography. Common issues involve the potential of stress or harm to wildlife, the possibility of photographers overrunning and destroying natural areas, the use of game farms, and integrity and manipulation in photography. Also, photographers' information on social media of endangered species' location leads to poachers using this information to hunt these animals.

Wildlife photography is a genre of photography concerned with documenting various forms of wildlife in their natural habitat. The animals are often photographed in action, such as eating, fighting, or in flight. Alternatively, more static portraits may be used to show the animal's detail or depict it in its environment. Captive or controlled animals are often photographed instead of authentic wild specimens, although it is arguable whether this constitutes actual wildlife photography.

While wildlife photographs can be taken using essential equipment, successful photography of some wildlife types requires specialist equipment, such as macro lenses for insects, long focal length lenses for birds, and underwater cameras for marine life. However, a great wildlife photograph can also result from being in the right place at the right time and often involves a good understanding of animal behavior to anticipate interesting situations to capture in photography.

A wildlife photographer needs to study a particular animal or bird's behavior, sleeping patterns, likes and dislikes, and natural habitat before filming his/her subject.

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