(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) MIT researchers have developed an automated way to design customized hardware that speeds up a robot's operation. The system, called robomorphic computing, accounts for the robot's physical layout in suggesting an optimized hardware architecture.
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(Taylor & Francis Group) A student infected with COVID-19 returning home from university for Christmas would, on average, have infected just less than one other household member with the virus, according to a new model devised by mathematicians at Cardiff University and published in Health Systems.
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(Northwestern University) Using data from RNA-folding experiments, the researchers generated the first-ever data-driven movies of how RNA folds as it is made by cellular machinery. By watching their videos of this folding occur, the researchers discovered that RNA often folds in surprising, perhaps unintuitive ways, such as tying itself into knots.
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(American Chemical Society) Across the world, health care workers and high-risk groups are beginning to receive COVID-19 vaccines, offering hope for a return to normalcy amidst the pandemic. However, the vaccines authorized for emergency use in the U.S. require two doses to be effective, which can create problems with logistics and compliance. Now, researchers reporting in ACS Central Science have developed a nanoparticle vaccine that elicits a virus-neutralizing antibody response in mice after only a single dose.
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(American Society for Nutrition) The American Society for Nutrition (ASN) supports the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. ASN notes the significant contributions to the Guidelines by many ASN members, including Federal staff and 16 of the 20 members of the 2020 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. ASN was actively involved in the deliberations, providing comments throughout the process. ASN members conduct crucial nutrition research that becomes the peer-reviewed scientific evidence to provide the fundamental basis for the Guidelines.
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(Bentham Science Publishers) The aim of the research is to compare the keratometric and total corneal astigmatism measures provided by three different technologies as well as to assess the level of interchangeability among them.
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(National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) Behind the scenes at your doctor's office, there's a complicated set of information that your providers have to absorb before telling you which vaccinations to get and when. A software tool created at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is helping them make better decisions.
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(University of Göttingen) The German Research Foundation (DFG) will be funding a new Collaborative Research Centre (CRC) at the University of Göttingen to start Jan. 1, 2021: 'Mathematics of Experiment: the challenge of indirect measurements in the natural sciences.' CRC 1456 comprises 16 scientific projects in which researchers from mathematics and natural sciences work together to analyze specific experimental data. 27 researchers from various faculties are involved as well as a research group from the University of Jena.
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(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) As Chile and Argentina witnessed the total solar eclipse on Dec. 14, 2020, unbeknownst to skywatchers, a little tiny speck was flying past the Sun -- a recently discovered comet.
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(Taylor & Francis Group) The uncertainty and confusion caused by the COVID-19 pandemic is being "widely exploited by terror groups for spinning a plethora of sinister schemes", which could lead to a new tide of violence against people and governments.
(George Mason University) Kevin Moran, Assistant Professor, Computer Science, received $124,445 from the National Science Foundation for a project in which he and five collaborators are studying computer bug-reporting management. The researchers are examining issues ranging from automated bug report quality to the design of a bug-reporting chatbot. Funding for this project began in October 2020 and will end in September 2024.
(Singapore University of Technology and Design) Which is more important in the initial phase of a pandemic: taking precautionary actions or responding to its severity? That is the question that researchers from SUTD set out to address in an article published in BioEssays.
(American Association for the Advancement of Science) In collaboration with partner institutions, and to promote biosystems design research, Science Partner Journal BioDesign Research will hold its first international conference in December.
(Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo) A research team led by The Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo demonstrated that hybrid surface waves called surface phonon-polaritons provide enhanced thermal conductivity in nanoscale membranes. These surface waves can aid in the thermal management of nanostructured devices as conventional cooling methods reach their material-related limits. Surface phonon-polaritons will be particularly useful for heat conduction in silicon-based microelectronics and photonics applications.
(Penn State) Wearable sensors are evolving from watches and electrodes to bendable devices that provide far more precise biometric measurements and comfort for users. Now, an international team of researchers has taken the evolution one step further by printing sensors directly on human skin without the use of heat.
(University of Minnesota) In a groundbreaking new study, researchers have 3D printed unique fluid channels at the micron scale that could automate production of diagnostics, sensors, and assays used for a variety of medical tests and other applications.
(University of Cambridge) Cambridge research shows a 'pre-bunk' game can reduce susceptibility to fake news for up to three months after just one play. Latest findings come as new Go Viral! game is launched in partnership with the UK Government to fight the spread of COVID-19 false information. * The games let users play the role of a fake news producer so they can understand how misinformation is circulated online.
(University of Arkansas) A $1.25 million grant from the Department of Defense will enable data science researcher Justin Zhan to develop novel algorithms to enhance the speed and efficiency of computational software that uses large amounts of streaming data.
(Wiley) A new review published in the Journal of Research in Science Teaching highlights the potential of machine learning--a subset of artificial intelligence--in science education.
(Cell Press) As the pandemic persists, COVID-19 has claimed more than 200,000 lives in the United States and damaged the public health system and economy. In a study published on September 21 in the journal The Innovation, researchers at Emory University found that long-term exposure to urban air pollution may have made COVID-19 more deadly.
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