Reducing the fat levels in chocolate would help address this concern.The first quantity is the maximally random jammed MRJ density, which describes the highest three-dimensional packing density that can be achieved by a particle in the suspension.For a spherical particle, the MRJ density is approximately 64 percent, while the intrinsic viscosity is 2.5.If chocolate simply consisted of cocoa and fats, the suspended coca particles could take up no more than 64 percent of the space, meaning that the liquid fat phase must be a minimum of 36 percent of the suspension.If less fat were present, the cocoa particles would be jammed, and the flow of the material would stop during production.We should take that with a grain of salt, though, because this research was funded by a chocolate manufacturer, Mars Chocolate.
Taking supplements that contain antioxidants at an early age could result in premature death, according to a new discovery by a team of mainland scientists.More and more white collar workers in their 20s are taking pills containing antioxidants such as Vitamin C and tea polyphenols.They must stop, said Professor Chen Chang, lead scientist of the research team at the Institute of Biophysics, part of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing.Her study, published in the journal Redox Biology, has found that antioxidant pills can upset the body s stress-response mechanism and accelerate ageing in young people.According to a belief popular since the 1950s, oxidants – chemical agents capable of removing one or more electrons from other atoms in a process known as oxidisation – can damage animal cells in a process similar to the rusting of metal.They have been hailed by makers of health supplements for such benefits as slowing down the ageing process, curing diseases or preventing cancer.
Not all chocolate is created equal, but it s all equally delicious.When it comes to dark vs. milk chocolate, they each have their own perks and quirks for you sweet tooths to keep in mind.In this video from the Reactions YouTube channel, you ll learn that most milk chocolate has 20% or less cacao the sum of all ingredients used from a cocoa plant, and most dark chocolate has 45% or more cacao, but, despite what some may say, neither has any chemical affect on your brain feeling love, so chocolate isn t actually an aphrodisiac.You ll also learn that eating dark chocolate can provide the same antioxidant benefits as red wine, most berries, and green tea, but milk chocolate s ingredients make for a creamier texture, especially when it comes to melting it for dipping.Basically, you can t go wrong with either one.So go get yourself some chocolate—you deserve it.
Chris Dominello and Mike Roussell created an antioxidant-infused coffee called Neuro Coffee.A design shop can take “up to four weeks and tens of thousands of dollars,” says Dominello, and they didn’t want to spend either.Turn the page upside down to find out the winner.A: “I tried to merge the concepts of a healthy brain and a good and natural coffee.I wanted something fun with something evocative, like the smell of coffee beans freshly ground.” -- Jorge de la Cruz Rodríguez, Granada, SpainB: “We used the company name as the idea launchpad.
An accelerator and fund that backs innovative food and beverage companies, AccelFoods, has added $15 million to its second fund, according to founding partners Jordan Gaspar and Lauren Jupiter.AccelFoods has backed brands making products that range from edgy to adorable.Examples are Exo, which makes protein supplements and bars from crickets (yes the insects), Four Sigmatic which uses a blend of beans and mushrooms to make anti-oxidant rich coffees with mild caffeine, and Tea Drops a maker of tea that dissolves in hot water, doesn’t require a bag and is formed into cute flower and heart shapes.With AccelFoods’ help, portfolio companies frequently launch products via the Amazon Launchpad food store, which targets shoppers looking for something new.Other venture firms and accelerators have joined the platform, but AccelFoods was an early participant there.Based in New York, AccelFoods plans to continue investing in startups that tap into, or in some cases touch off, new consumer snacking, grocery and health trends.
So seriously that matcha lovers reading that last sentence likely scoffed at their drink being compared with coffee — and for good reason.Understanding this green tea craze for what it is, appliance giant Sharp designed and manufactured a one-of-a-kind matcha tea maker called the Sharp Tea-Ceré Matcha Tea Maker, but you might know it by its far more creative model name, the TE-T65U (what, that doesn’t ring any bells?).Out of the box, Sharp’s Tea-Ceré comes with an attachable tea mortar, powder saucer, large tea container, cleaning brush, tea spoon, and water reservoir capable of holding just shy of three cups.Four steps to authentic matchaBilled as offering “real matcha in four easy steps,” the entire tea making process takes roughly 10 to 15 minutes, depending on the strength and amount of tea you’re after.Since it’s authentic matcha we were after, the process only requires filling the water reservoir to the first level — this helps achieve maximum concentration.
It’s been a rough news week, and it’s only Wednesday.Is it better to microwave it?The claim, broadcast on ABC Radio Sydney, is that you can extract slightly more antioxidants (specifically catechins) if you pop the tea in the microwave while it’s steeping.Quan Vuong and his team at the University of Newcastle in Australia have been comparing different ways of steeping green tea, and in a 2012 paper they describe a method that gets you more of the good stuff than your typical method, but is still practical to do at home.The news article gets the procedure a little mixed up, but here is what the scientific paper describes:Boil water, and pour it over your tea bag.
p A lipstick's basic scaffolding is made up of natural or industrial oils, which make it creamy and moist; waxes, which will make up its core structure and help the colour stick to the lips; and antioxidant chemicals to prevent fading."This is, essentially, a scientific laboratory," says Lucia Sanzanni, 30, a technician at Ancorotti Cosmetics.Founded in 2009, Ancorotti specialises in lipstick, mascara and moisturiser.It manufactures them in its facilities in Crema, Italy and Baddi, India and has a turnover of €72 million (£61m).Each product begins as a mixture of oil and wax.It is developed and tested for up to a year before being prototyped.
Glutathione is the most abundant natural antioxidant in cells.It protects them from damage and regulates a number of important functions, including cell proliferation and death, the synthesis of the genetic material and proteins and the activation of gene expression.These functions are regulated by changes in the concentration of glutathione, but the current methods do not allow for real-time measurements of glutathione levels inside cells.Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital and Rice University have moved the field of glutathione research a step forward by developing a fluorescent probe - they called it RealThiol - that can measure real-time changes of glutathione concentration in living cells.Published in Nature Communications, this study offers a new tool to investigate the roles glutathione plays in aging, health and diseases such as cancer, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, cardiovascular conditions and diabetes, among others.How to measure glutathione changes in real time
Colored pigments attract pollinating insects, they protect plants against disease, and they confer health benefits and are used in the food and drug industries.A new study conducted at the Weizmann Institute of Science, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, has now opened the way to numerous potential uses of betalains, the highly nutritious red-violet and yellow pigments known for their antioxidant properties and commonly used as food dyes.They are relatively rare in nature, compared to the two other major groups of plant pigments, and until recently, their synthesis in plants was poorly understood.Prof. Asaph Aharoni of Weizmann's Plant and Environmental Sciences Department and Dr.Guy Polturak, then a research student, along with other team members, used two betalain-producing plants - red beet (Beta vulgaris) and four o'clock flowers (Mirabilis jalapa) - in their analysis.To test their findings they genetically engineered yeast to produce betalains.
It might be unsafe to drive because the tooth pain can be distracting.This post shares some alternatives to pain killers until your dentist can treat your tooth pain or until your reach a hospital’s emergency room.You should consider tooth pain an emergency case if it has been persistent for at least a day, you have fever and you have swollen gums or other signs of infection and other symptoms aside from pain.The ingredients have anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and analgesic properties to provide to provide fast tooth pain relief.Guava LeavesChew one to two tender leaves until there is enough juice to coat the affected tooth.You can also boil four to five leaves in water.Add salt; let the solution cool down and use as a mouthwash.Fresh guava leaves haveanti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and analgesic properties.Clove OilSoak cotton ball in clove oil.1.You can prepare a clove oil mouth rinse by mixing a few drops of clove oil with ½ glass of water.Clove oil has anesthetic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties to fight infection and tooth pain.Other oils that can be used in the same manner as clove oil are: sunflower oil, sesame oil, nutmeg oil, oregano oil and tea tree oil.Ice CubesIce can help reduce tooth pain by numbing or anesthetizing the nerve endings.Put an ice cube wrapped in thin cotton cloth on your cheek near the affected tooth.Take note that the hand should be on the same side as your tooth pain.In acupressure, that location between the thumb and the index finger is called the L14pressure point.
A low-carb, high-fat diet that's been described as "Atkins on steroids" is gaining momentum in Silicon Valley.The ketogenic diet — "keto" for short — encourages eating bacon, butter, eggs, nuts, avocados, and other healthy fats, and tech workers say it super-charges the human body.Eat lots of fat might sound great, but the keto diet is harder to maintain than you might expect.The plan includes three days' worth of low-carb, high-fat meals, so customers don't have to keep track of their carbohydrate intake in the early days of the diet.I am an experienced keto-dieter, and I decided to give Urban Remedy's Keto Meal Plan a try.On the keto diet, the body switches from burning carbs to burning fat as its primary fuel source — a process known as ketosis, which gives the diet its name.
When you hear something is chock-full of antioxidants, the mental conclusion is often: That’s it—that’s the elixir of life, I have to eat a lot of that.But why do we all assume that loading up on anti-oxidants will somehow be the key to infinite youth?This week, news outlets reported on a new study claiming that mushrooms can help fight aging.As you may be aware, the only true way to stop ageing is death.But no one ate any mushrooms for this study—instead, the researchers were talking about the much-hyped antioxidant molecule.The researchers merely measured the levels of two molecules, like glutathione and ergothioneine, and found that certain mushrooms had more of those molecules than others.
Scientists at the University of Alberta may have found possible targets for therapeutic interventions in the fight against Lou Gehrig's disease.Biophysicist Michael Woodside and his research team conducted the first single-molecule study of folding in the protein superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1), an antioxidant whose misfolding is linked to the neurodegenerative disease ALS.They found that it has much more complex folding than previously thought.The results suggest an explanation for the protein's propensity to misfold similarly to proteins in prion diseases."When we pulled the protein apart, we were expecting its structure to come apart all at once based on what was previously known, but what we found instead was a mess," said Woodside, professor in the U of A's Department of Physics."But clearer patterns started to emerge after unfolding and refolding it several thousand times.
The work has implications for the treatment of Type 1 diabetes in both canine and human patients.Unlike an organ transplant, where the organ is connected directly to blood vessels and has an immediate oxygen supply, transplanted islet cells are simply injected into the recipient's bloodstream and lodge in small veins in the liver, a low-oxygen environment in which up to 70 percent of the transplanted cells die within 72 hours of the procedure.Chris Adin, currently an associate professor of soft tissue and oncologic surgery at NC State's College of Veterinary Medicine and previously at Ohio State, thought that the answer to saving these transplanted islet cells might lie in a naturally occurring antioxidant - bilirubin."Bilirubin is a molecule found in every cell in our body," says Adin, "and while too much of it can be harmful, it can be beneficial if we supplement cells with just the right amount of this molecule."Since the molecule is not very soluble in water, it couldn't be effectively taken up by the cells if it was simply added to the solution they were in.Xiaoming He, professor of biomedical engineering at Ohio State, partnered with Adin to design a delivery vehicle for the bilirubin.
BIRMINGHAM, Ala. - Stable, biocompatible microcapsules from the lab of Eugenia Kharlampieva, Ph.D., have gained a new power -- the ability to scavenge reactive oxygen species.This may aid microcapsule survival in the body as the tiny polymer capsules carry a drug or other biomolecules, says Kharlampieva, associate professor of chemistry in the University of Alabama at Birmingham College of Arts and Sciences.The microcapsules may also find use in antioxidant therapy or in industrial applications where scavenging of free radicals is needed.Reactive oxygen species play a Janus-like role in the body -- they can be a weapon against pathogens when produced by the immune system; but excess production of reactive oxygen species during biological stress can damage human cells in diseases like diabetes, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, kidney disease and cancer.Current natural and synthetic antioxidants lack biocompatibility and bioavailability, and they are chemically unstable.This means they have a limited capability to scavenge reactive oxygen species.
Now a new study from researchers at the University of Chile has another application for them: Helping fight alcoholism.In clinical trials, the researchers found that one dose of human mesenchymal stem cells injected intravenously into rats significantly reduced the amount of alcohol they would willingly imbibe.Within 48 hours of treatment, the rats — which were previously downing the size-adjusted equivalent of a bottle of vodka per day — reduced their alcohol intake by up to 90 percent.The effects of one dose lasted up to five weeks.“Alcohol use disorders constitute a leading cause of morbidity and premature mortality worldwide,” Dr. Fernando Ezquer, one of the researchers on the project, told Digital Trends.“Several studies in humans and rodents have shown that chronic alcohol consumption leads to an increase in inflammatory cytokines, both in the periphery and the brain, and this alcohol-induced neuroinflammation remains up-regulated for long periods even after discontinuation of alcohol consumption.
Several U.S. companies have either launched hydrogen water products or will soon debut them in an attempt to lure consumers seeking natural, functional products, according to BevNet.These brands — Dr. Perricone's, HTwo, HFactor and HyVIDA — make functional claims that adding tasteless and odorless molecular hydrogen gas to water provides antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits.BevNET noted that manufacturers of hydrogen water must tread carefully with on-package labeling pending more pertinent human scientific studies backing up their claims.It will take time and scientific investment to reach a consensus on whether drinking water infused with hydrogen can impact health in a meaningful way.Still, hydrogen water brands are crowding into the innovative space with items costing up to $3 for a 8.3-ounce can, like Dr. Perricone's products.And at-home hydrogen machines and molecular hydrogen tablets that can transform normal drinking water are also on the rise, suggesting that this lucrative sector has room to grow — even if hydrogen water's health benefits are only perceived.
Group of researchers at Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania are developing new generation sponge-like wound dressings with hyaluronic acid.Antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory wound dressings stimulate tissue regeneration and can be especially efficient in treating deep wounds that are difficult to heal.According to data, of the total healthcare expenditure in the European Union, wound management makes up 2-4%.A single chronic wound can cost up to 10 thousand EUR to treat, and it is estimated that up to 1.5% of EU population has one or more of such wounds.Kaunas University of Technology (KTU) researchers are developing sponge-like wound dressings based on hyaluronic acid, which is a well-researched polymer stimulating tissue regeneration and used in ophthalmology, bone regeneration and for other medical and cosmetic purposes.We are used to commercial hyaluronic acid based products, which usually are thick liquids or gels.
Vitamin C is a skincare ingredient that has grown in popularity over recent years.It tends to be easy to spot as beauty companies love to package creams containing it in bright tangerine pots.But what’s behind the orange wrapping and does putting this vitamin on your skin, rather than including it in your diet, actually have any benefits?This cold-busting vitamin has been much hyped in the beauty world with devotees extolling it’s anti-ageing properties.Consultant dermatologist Dr Nick Lowe explained that sunlight and pollution causes your skin to produce ‘radicals’, which damage your skin and have an “ageing”effect, and Vitamin C can help protect against this.“Vitamin C is an antioxidant that is important for collagen production, so in theory it should therefore help reduce damage and ageing,” he said, but added that similarly to salicylic acid, “more research needs to be done to show these claims are scientifically proven instead of results from consumers”.
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