Telcos all over the EU are celebrating after their overlords at the European Commission officially gave 5G and fibre the green light.
Eight of 10 required antitrust bodies have cleared LVMH's $16 billion acquisition of Tiffany, and the EU will decide by October 26.
EU says 5G can aid economy and technological capabilities
According to an EU report obtained by Bloomberg, the EU is considering new laws around sharing contactless payment technology.
ESG channel factorsFirst of all, what is ESG?The acronym ESG refers to environmental, social, and governance criteria ( Environment, Social, and Governance ):these are the 3 main areas that represent the pillars of sustainable investment.As explained in the previous section, investors evaluate companies using ESG criteria to rate the quality ofthe investment and determine the associated risks.In greater detail:Environmental factors refer to the company's behavior in environmental aspects such as resource depletion, climate change, waste, and pollution.Social factors are related to the company's treatment of people, workers, and local communities, including health and safety issues.Governance factors refer to corporate and governance policies, including fiscal strategy, corruption, structure, and remuneration.Why ESG is so important to your businessIn 2018, more than 170 new global regulatory measures were proposed (160% more than in 2017), 80% of which weredirected at institutional investors.In March 2019, the European Commission also affirmed once again the importance of sustainable investments bypublishing new rules on disclosure requirements related to sustainable investments and sustainability risks.It is clear that social responsibility is a hot topic in the investment community and regardless of legalrequirements, it is something that you must address within your organization.Since many investors areincorporating ESG factors into the investment process, integrating sustainability elements into your strategycan definitely have an impact on your income.This requires a change in mindset: ESG should be seen as an investment, rather than a cost.As Larry Fink ofBlackRock's states in his 2019 letter to CEOs, “earnings are not inconsistent with purpose; in fact, profit and purpose are inextricably linked."What's more, companies that have incorporated ESG into their strategy have seen several benefits, including increased market confidence and shareholder value.However, planting some forests here and there will not really make a difference.If ESG initiatives are not a representative of the business and environmental impact of the company, these efforts can be lost on investors.
Cupertino's subscription bundle favours its own products, says choons slinger Spotify has claimed Apple's new subscription bundle, Apple One, will "disadvantage competitors" and "threaten our collective freedoms to listen, learn, create, and connect".…
One of Boris Johnson’s most senior law officers looks set to quit or be fired after he suggested a cabinet minister had misspoken when he claimed the UK was ready to break international law over Brexit.Lord Keen of Elie QC, the Advocate General for Scotland and a justice minister, faced humiliation as Northern Ireland secretary Brandon Lewis told MPs on Wednesday his colleague had been flat wrong to dispute the government’s stance.Labour said that Lord Keen’s authority was now “shot” to pieces following Lewis’s remarks, amid intense speculation that he would soon leave his post.Keen was last week said to be on the edge of resigning over the government’s admission that its new Internal Market Bill “breaks international law in a specific and limited way”.Meanwhile, the UK faced fresh anger from the EU after Lewis refused to guarantee that the UK would abide by the outcome of any disputes process agreed with Brussels.European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen jibed the PM, quoting Margaret Thatcher’s belief that “Britain does not break treaties”, as the Brexit row reignited once more.Keen had sparked ridicule on Tuesday when he told peers that he felt that Lewis had “answered the wrong question” when making his now infamous comment about breaking international law.But government sources told HuffPost that Keen was not speaking for the government and in evidence to the Northern Ireland select committee, Lewis rammed home his message that his words were official policy in line with legal advice of the Attorney General Suella Braverman.“I’ve spoken to Lord Keen. When he’s looked at the specific question I was asked last week, he has agreed with me that the answer I gave was correct. That answer I gave reflects the government legal advice,” he said.Lewis had been replying to a question from Tory grandee Sir Bob Neill, who has since threatened a rebel amendment to the legislation that would give MPs the final say on any breach of the EU-UK Withdrawal Agreement on Brexit.Shadow attorney general Lord Falconer said that Lord Keen’s authority was now “shot”.Brandon Lewis admitted passage of Bill is breach of international law. Lord Keen, Advocate General, expressed detailed legal views in Lords. The views of one of law officers repudiated by govt. Law Officers’ authority now totally shot. https://t.co/Z08OlY3YOk— Charlie Falconer (@LordCFalconer) September 16, 2020Lewis told MPs: “I read out something very specific because I wanted to ensure that what I said, to make sure that I was giving the House a straight answer.”The cabinet minister also insisted that the government intends to deploy its “break the law” provisions in parallel with using EU arbitration mechanisms, rather than exhausting the Brussels route first.“Even if we end up in a situation where we need to use the ‘safety net’ we do that at same time [as going down the EU route],” he said.And he sparked a fresh backlash from the EU when he refused to say whether he would abide by the outcome of the arbitration process agreed with Brussels for any disputes over the Brexit divorce treaty.Asked directly if the UK would abide by the outcome of such arbitration, Lewis replied: “To get into a hypothetical about what would happen is an unhelpful and dangerous place to be.”Committee chair Simon Hoare replied that “there are many people in prison” who don’t like “the ruling of the judge” but they accept it nevertheless.Irish politician Neale Richmond was swift to condemn Lewis’s latest remarks.It is not hypothetical in anyway. UK Govt must guarantee their responsibilities and meet their obligations. A very revealing #brexit hearing in front of the @CommonsNIAC this morning. https://t.co/JLPN5LqiJL— Neale Richmond (@nealerichmond) September 16, 2020Earlier, in her annual State of the Union address to the European Parliament, Von der Leyen said both sides had agreed the Withdrawal Agreeent was the only way to guarantee the Northern Ireland peace process.She quoted Mrs Thatcher, as saying: “Britain does not break treaties. It would be bad for Britain, bad for relations with the rest of the world and bad for any future treaty on trade.”The EU chief added: “This was true then and this is true today. Trust is the foundation of any strong partnership.”
It looks like most European Union members have taken the sensible approach to developing contact tracing apps, which enables cross-border interoperability.
Governments around the world are increasingly focusing on fulfilling their green energy targets, which is likely to drive the global Solar Backsheet market.This information was shared in a report, titled “Solar Backsheet Market Size, Share And Global Trend By Type (Fluoropolymer, Non-fluoropolymer), By Installation (Roof Mount, Ground Mount, Floating Power Plant), By Application (Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Utilities), And Geography Forecast Till 2026.” The primary objective of Solar Backsheets is to protect the photovoltaic (PV) module from harmful UV radiations, electric insulation, and moisture penetration of the system.China’s Strong Investments in Solar Projects Drives the Market in Asia PacificAmong regions, Asia Pacific is expected to register substantial growth in the global Solar Backsheet market during the forecast years.This is mainly attributable to the growing installation of solar PV back sheets, especially in India and China.Moreover, China is the largest producer of PV panels and solar panels.The market in Europe is expected to grow considerably as Germany is the largest producer of solar energy.According to the European Commission, the government is expected to invest around US$ 28.44 billion in renewable sources between 2020 and 2050.
The government has used the Gina Miller Brexit case to try and justify going back on the “oven ready” Brexit withdrawal agreement Boris Johnson agreed with the EU this year.The prime minister is attempting to take powers to renege on key sections of the deal if the UK and EU cannot agree on how Northern Ireland is treated when the standstill transition period ends on December 31.European Commission vice president Maros Sefcovic has told Johnson to drop the laws in the Internal Market Bill by the end of the month and warned that he has “seriously damaged trust” needed for ongoing talks on a long-term trade deal.The plans have triggered a major Tory backlash, with Sir Roger Gale telling Sky News he would be willing to be sacked from the party he has represented as an MP since 1983 to vote against the Bill, insisting he will “do what I have to do” on the basis of the principle that “the United Kingdom keeps its word internationally”. NEWTory grandee Sir Roger Gale indicates that he is ready to lose the Tory whip when he votes against Boris Johnson’s internal market bill next weekSir Roger is no serial rebel....Watch part of my interview: pic.twitter.com/7b0o2QNZb9— Sam Coates Sky (@SamCoatesSky) September 10, 2020Former Tory leader Michael Howard, Johnson’s predecessor as PM Theresa May, and several senior MPs including three select committee chairs have also criticised the plans. But UK attorney general Suella Braverman has attempted to justify giving ministers powers to determine what goods traded between Northern Ireland and Great Britain require exit checks, and to decide when government subsidies need to be notified to the EU in case they breach Brussels regulation. Braverman admitted these powers would be “incompatible with the withdrawal agreement” if exercised as she took the rare step of publishing her legal advice to the government.It states that the parliament is sovereign and so can pass laws that breach the UK’s obligations under international treaties, like the WA. Braverman said this was similar to how Canada, Australia and New Zealand operate, with international treaty obligations only becoming binding when passed in UK law decided by “parliament and parliament alone”.In an ironic twist, Braverman argued that principle was “recently approved unanimously by the Supreme Court” in the 2017 Miller case, in which judges found that only MPs – not the government – could trigger Article 50 to begin the UK’s departure from the EU, to the anger of then prime minister May.But Sefcovic insisted that the bill, if adopted, would be in “clear breach” of the WA that Johnson proclaimed was “oven ready” during December’s election and signed in January.The legal mess comes as a result of the WA treating Northern Ireland differently to the rest of the UK: NI will follow Brussels rules in some areas in order to maintain an invisible border with the Republic of Ireland, which is in the EU.During an emergency meeting of the so-called “joint committee”, which is meant to determine how the rules operate for Northern Ireland, Sefcovic urged his opposite number Michael Gove to “withdraw these measures from the draft bill in the shortest time possible and in any case by the end of the month”, the Commission said.The statement went on: “He stated that, by putting forward this bill, the UK has seriously damaged trust between the EU and the UK. It is now up to the UK government to re-establish that trust. “He reminded the UK government that the withdrawal agreement contains a number of mechanisms and legal remedies to address violations of the legal obligations contained in the text – which the European Union will not be shy in using.”Shadow attorney general Lord Falconer, meanwhile, said Braverman had done nothing to justify breaching the law.He shared a post by Cambridge public law professor Mark Elliott that described the attorney general’s advice as “utterly risible”, and said Braverman had failed to justify the breach.“Treaty obligations are binding upon the UK, and to suggest that they are not ‘because parliament is sovereign’ is as embarrassing as it is dangerous,” Elliott concluded. AG’s Opinion explains UK Parliament can as a matter of domestic law break international treaty UK is a party to. Nobody disputes that. She offers no justification for breach of international law Bill perpetrates. Voice of of law is silent in govt. She colludes in its breach. https://t.co/Cmo42oIsQV— Charlie Falconer (@LordCFalconer) September 10, 2020Related...
Ex-Tory Leader Michael Howard Blasts Boris Johnson's Plan To Break The Law
Boris Johnson's New Excuse For Breaking The Law? He Negotiated His Brexit Deal Too Quickly
Boris Johnson Says ‘Everybody Should Obey The Law’ Despite His Plan To Break The Law
Concerns about US surveillance conflicting with EU privacy laws may mean Facebook is forced to stop sending data from Europe to the US.
IP addresses and domain names must be kept out of content battles, says RIPE and CENTR Europe’s two largest internet network infrastructure organizations have warned lawmakers not to lump the core network in with online platforms and apps when it comes to content regulations.…
European telco lobby groups GSMA and ETNO are – funnily enough – only too happy for the EU to subject online giants to greater scrutiny.
Visa faces a European Commission inquiry over its rules for fintech companies. It faces accusations of anti-competitive behavior.
According to the new market research report "Low-Carbon Propulsion Market by Fuel Type (CNG, LNG, Ethanol, Electric and Hydrogen), Mode (Rail and Road), Vehicle Type (Heavy-Duty and Light-Duty), Rail Application (Passenger and Freight), Electric Vehicle, and Region - Global Forecast to 2027", The global Low-Carbon Propulsion Market size is projected to grow at a CAGR of 21.5% during the forecast period, to reach 11,640 thousand units by 2027 from an estimated 2,980 thousand units in 2020.The prices of oils are highly uncertain and subject to international market conditions influenced by factors outside of the National Energy Modelling System, which is a major driver for the Low-Carbon Propulsion Market.The High Oil Price and Low Oil Price cases represent international conditions that could drive prices to extreme, sustained deviations from the reference case price path.But the revival of the situation by reopening production plants gradually is reducing the negative impact, and thus, the market is expected to grow in the coming years.Browse in-depth TOC on "Low-Carbon Propulsion Market"123 – Tables71 – Figures225 – PagesThe key players in the Low-Carbon Propulsion Market are Tesla (US), BYD (China), Yutong (China), Proterra (US), Nissan (Japan), Bombardier (Canada), Siemens (Germany), Alstom (France), Toyota (Japan), Honda (Japan), Hyundai (South Korea), MAN SE (Germany).Download PDF Brochure @ https://www.marketsandmarkets.com/pdfdownloadNew.asp?id=13593387 Light-duty is expected to hold the largest share in the Low-Carbon Propulsion Market during the forecast period.The light-duty vehicle segment is expected to be the largest market since these are used globally for maximum transportation within cities.Last-mile delivery vans and trucks are the most demanded vehicles due to the emergence of the eCommerce sector.Currently, Fiat Chrysler is the only light-duty OEM with a factory-built natural gas vehicle available in the US market—RAM 2500 CNG.Passenger, in the rail application segment, is estimated to be the largest market during the forecast periodAlternative fuel trains offer the benefit of cost-effective and efficient transportation of passengers as well as freight.Increasing urbanization and growing demand for increased connectivity, comfort, reliability, and safety will boost the passenger segment.Since all modes of public transports are suffering heavy losses due to limited operations during COVID-19, passenger rails and freight are also hard hit by the outbreak.
It looks like Google will be increasing the cost of its ads by exactly the rate of a new digital sales tax in the European countries imposing it.
Over 170 countries are involved in the plan, which is like a vaccine insurance plan.
Rising number of stringent regulations pertaining to the emission of pollutants from industrial installations is also expected drive the market over the forecast period.Industrial water treatment is a process used to treat wastewater generated by industries as an undesirable product.The growing consumption of water across different industries and the rising awareness about the rising levels of water pollution and the pressing need to recycle wastewater to reduce the overall reliance on the shrinking sources of freshwater are expected to drive market growth over the forecast period.However, strict government policies for controlling water pollution at manufacturing and municipal levels through the utilization of eco-friendly techniques in developed markets, including Germany, Spain, and the U.K., are expected to drive the demand for biological treatment equipment for treating plain as well as wastewater across industries in the region.This could promote the use of biological techniques over chemicals and act as a restraint for the Europe industrial water treatment chemicals market.Request a Free Sample Copy of Industrial Water Treatment Chemicals Market Report @ https://www.radiantinsights.com/research/europe-industrial-water-treatment-chemicals-market/request-sampleNevertheless, favorable regulatory scenarios pertaining to the treatment of industrial water in Europe are likely to boost market growth in the upcoming years.The German market accounted for a revenue share of nearly 20% of the overall market in 2018 and is expected to continue to account for a significant share by the end of the forecast period as well.Further key findings from the report suggest:• The effluent water treatment application segment is expected to witness growth at a promising pace on account of strict wastewater disposal policies imposed by international and regional governing bodies• The raw water treatment application accounted for a 14.2% of the revenue share in 2018 owing to its ability to protect a range of equipment in industries from corrosion and scaling• Germany is expected to emerge as the largest market owing to the rising awareness regarding environmental issues pertaining to the improper disposal of untreated and/or polluted industrial water• Rapid urbanization and industrialization in Belgium have increased the penetration of chemicals for treating industrial water• Companies such as Professional Water Technologies and Kemira Oyj provide their customers with phosphorus-free formulas for desalination plants• Some of the key companies in the Europe industrial water treatment chemicals market are Kemira Oyj, BASF SE, Ecolab, Inc., and Solvay S.A.Browse the Full Global Industrial Water Treatment Chemicals Market- Global Scenario, Industry Outlook, Analysis, Size, Trends and Forecast, 2019 To 2025 Report at - https://www.radiantinsights.com/research/europe-industrial-water-treatment-chemicals-marketTable of ContentsChapter 1.Europe Industrial Water Treatment Chemicals - Industry Estimates & Trend Analysis4.1.
The global unconventional gas market was valued at around US$ 128 Bn in 2017 and is anticipated to expand at a CAGR of 8.61% from 2018 to 2026, according to a new report titled ‘Unconventional Gas Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2018–2026,’ published by Transparency Market Research (TMR) Unconventional natural gas, which includes shale gas, tight gas, and coalbed methane, has been more difficult and costly to exploit than conventional deposits.Natural gas ranked third (24%), after oil (33%) and coal (28%) during the same period.Download PDF Brochure - https://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/sample/sample.php?flag=B_id=1497 Rising Demand for Unconventional Gas ExplorationIncrease in investments in exploration and production of offshore oil and gas is propelling the adoption of unconventional gas around the world.The combustion of shale gas emits significantly lower levels of pollutants, including carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide, and sulfur dioxide than the combustion of coal and oil.These may be sufficient to meet the demand for clean energy for many years.More Trending Reports by Transparency Market Research - https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/recurrent-changes-in-crude-oil-prices-to-influence-growth-parameters-global-oil-storage-market-to-record-cagr-of-4-78-vis-a-vis-volume-from-2019-to-2027-transparency-market-research-301088264.htmlMajor Norms and Regulations Related to Unconventional GasThe US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has amended regulations to avoid gas contamination in the areas where hydraulic fracturing is conducted in the zones of unconventional gas fieldsNational Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA) is mandated to play the lead role in ensuring timely, effective, and appropriate response to oil spills, as well as ensuring clean up and remediation of all impacted sites to the best practical extentThe European Commission has selected the Brussels-based law firm Philippe & Partners to carry out the study ‘EC TENDER TREN/R1/350-2008 lot 1 on Unconventional Gas in Europe.’ The European Commission has set legal framework, including environmental law, which is applied to the licensing/authorization and operational permitting for prospection, exploration, and production/exploitation of unconventional gas.In 2013, the Government of Australia amended the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 for large coal mining companies to obtain Commonwealth approval where they would have a ‘significant impact’ on water resourcesIndustrial Application Dominates Global Unconventional Gas MarketBased on application, the industrial segment dominated the global unconventional gas market with more than 34% share in terms of value in 2017.Power consumption has increased substantially across the globe over the last few years.
A few years back, the European Commission kicked off a campaign against ads on pirate sites in an effort to cut into their revenue streams — and it seems the strategy is working, according to newly surfaced data. The European Union’s executive arm has noticed a 12% drop in ads served per visit on sites known to infringe on intellectual property rights across Europe, TorrentFreak reports. The Commission revealed the findings in a new report documenting the progress of the campaign. Despite the decline in overall ads, though, data shows the number of branded advertising campaigns — ads attributed directly… This story continues at The Next Web
Colloidal Drug Carriers Market in which microscopically dispersed drug particles (small particles of 10–400 nm diameter) are suspended in a suspension form.Colloidal drug carrier is able to modify the distribution of an associated substance and hence improve the therapeutic index of drugs by increasing their efficacy and/or reducing their toxicity.Global colloidal drug carriers market is rising gradually with a substantial CAGR in the forecast period of 2019-2026.High demand of buccal drug delivery for ease of drug administration and new products launches are the key factors for market growth.Get Sample Report at : https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/request-a-sample/?dbmr=global-colloidal-drug-carriers-marketCompetitive Analysis: Global Colloidal Drug Carriers MarketFew of the major competitors currently working in Global Colloidal Drug Carriers Market are Celgene Corporation, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Pfizer Inc, Cynapsus, BioDelivery Sciences International, Inc, GlaxoSmithKline plc, MedLab, AstraZeneca, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd, Sanofi, Mankind Pharma, Bayer AG, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Novartis AG, Indivior PLC, Novo Nordisk A/S, Endo Pharmaceuticals Inc and many others.Key Pointers Covered in the Global Colloidal Drug Carriers Market Trends and Forecast to 2026Global Colloidal Drug Carriers Market New Sales VolumesGlobal Colloidal Drug Carriers Market Replacement Sales VolumesGlobal Colloidal Drug Carriers Market Installed BaseGlobal Colloidal Drug Carriers Market By BrandsGlobal Colloidal Drug Carriers Market SizeGlobal Colloidal Drug Carriers Market Procedure VolumesGlobal Colloidal Drug Carriers Market Product Price AnalysisGlobal Colloidal Drug Carriers Market Healthcare OutcomesGlobal Colloidal Drug Carriers Market Cost of Care AnalysisGlobal Colloidal Drug Carriers Market Regulatory Framework and ChangesGlobal Colloidal Drug Carriers Market Prices and Reimbursement AnalysisGlobal Colloidal Drug Carriers Market Shares in Different RegionsRecent Developments for Global Colloidal Drug Carriers Market CompetitorsGlobal Colloidal Drug Carriers Market Upcoming ApplicationsGlobal Colloidal Drug Carriers Market Innovators StudyGet Detailed TOC:https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/toc/?dbmr=global-colloidal-drug-carriers-marketKey Developments in the Market:In August 2019, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd in collaboration with Celgene Corporation received approval from European Commission for Tecentriq (atezolizumab) in combination with Abraxane (nab-paclitaxel) for the treatment of adult patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic PD-L1–positive triple-negative breast cancer.Scope of the Colloidal Drug Carriers MarketGlobal Colloidal Drug Carriers Market By Indication (Pain Management, Ophthalmology, Respiratory, Oncology and Others), Type (Vesicular System, Microparticulate System), Application (Ocular Drug Delivery, Controlled Release Drug Delivery, Pulmonary Drug Delivery and Others), Drugs(Hydrophobic Drugs, Nab-Paclitaxel, Colloidal Silicon Dioxide and Others), End- Users (Hospitals, Homecare, Specialty Clinics, Others), Geography (North America, South America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa) - Industry Trends and Forecast to 2026Global colloidal drug carriers market is rising gradually with a substantial CAGR in the forecast period of 2019-2026.
"Legislative bodies are switching on to the need for improved digital identity policies, but action remains tentative"
The post The Insecure IoT Device Free-for-All Needs to be Urgently Tackled appeared first on Computer Business Review.
Flexible packaging is one of the fastest growing segments of the packaging industry and it integrates the best qualities of plastic, film, paper and aluminum foil to offer an extensive range of protective properties.It essentially takes the shape of a bag, pouch, liner, or overwrap, or any part of a package whose shape can be readily changed.According to a recent study report published by the Market Research Future, The global market of Confectionery Packaging is booming and expected to gain prominence over the forecast period.Rise in demand for packaged foods & beverages including ready-to-eat meals, frozen meals, and snack foods.Advanced technology in packaging has allowed companies for innovation in products instead of sticking to traditional methods of packaging.Due to this, many companies are investing in R and are coming up with advanced flexible packaging products with barrier resistance properties that offer resistance against heat and moisture and eliminates oxidation of foods.
Promises to support local businesses and stop forcing local carriers paying for ads and iThing fixes Apple has reached under a Cupertino sofa and found $84m with which to settle antitrust action in South Korea.…
Switch comes days after Qualcomm demonstrates 300 Mbps 700 MHz 5G call in China
The post Goodbye TV (Theatre Microphones Too); Hello 5G: Ofcom Clears 700 MHz for Auction appeared first on Computer Business Review.
A new sector inquiry has been launched by the European Commission into the Internet of Things for services and consumer-related products in the EU.Let us look into this in detail.
Summary - A new market study, titled “Global Steering Robot Market - Upcoming Trends, Growth Drivers and Challenges – Forecast to 2025” has been featured on WiseGuyReports.As the players in the global automotive industry are increasingly investing in automotive R, there has been an increase in the adoption of equipment and systems to assess vehicle dynamics with minimal human intervention.The vendors in the market are competing effectively based on factors such as the technology, research and developmental activities, brand, and labor.ALSO READ: https://www.einpresswire.com/article/501338103/global-steering-robot-market-2019-size-share-demand-trends-growth-and-2025-forecasts-explored-in-latest-research The growing focus on the importance of vehicular safety regulations is estimated to be one of the primary growth drivers for the global steering robot market till 2023.The European commission is emphasizing on consumer testing by introducing a revision of general safety regulation 661/2009.The market will continue to grow in the region throughout the predicted period due to the rising availability of driver assistance system (ADAS), lane departure warning system (LDWS), and automatic emergency braking system (AEBS) in both passenger and commercial vehicles.