The 10th anniversary of the merger of HKN and IEEE is a good time for alumni to reconnect
The increasing complexity of telecom networks and services and the exponential growth in the amount of data generated have gone beyond the capacity of manual calculation. Telecom operators therefore are increasingly compelled to embrace AI to help them properly manage their networks, services, and customers. This Intelligence monthly briefing aims to separate noise from truth about AI and discuss how the communications industry can benefit from AI while avoiding potential pitfalls.
Intel's shares tanked 10% late Thursday after the chip giant announced that production problems have delayed the rollout of its next generation chips. Intel CEO Bob Swan said the company found "a defect mode" in its manufacturing process which will push back its production schedule. Intel said the problem was related to its 7 nanometer process, referring to the manufacturing technology based on the line-width on chips. Intel historically led the way in producing smaller and less expensive processors, but has struggled with its manufacturing process. Intel posted better-than-expected results for the second quarter, with profits of $5.1 billion on revenues of $19.7 billion. Click here for more BI Prime stories. The spotlight is back on Intel's production headaches. The semiconductor giant on Thursday posted second-quarter results that beat Wall Street expectations. But Intel's stock plunged 10% in late trades after the company said production problems will delay the rollout of its next generation of chips. "We have identified a defect mode in our seven nanometre process that resulted in yield degradation," Intel CEO Bob Swan told analysts on the company's earnings call. Intel reported a profit of $5.1 billion, or $1.19 a share, compared with a profit of $4.2 billion, or 92 cents a share, for the year-ago period. Revenue rose 20% to $19.7 billion from the year-ago quarter. Adjusted profit was $1.23 a share. Analysts were expecting a profit of $1.11 a share on revenue of $18.6 billion. Intel said the problem was related to its 7 nanometer process, referring to the manufacturing technology based on the line-width on chips. Intel historically led the way in producing smaller and less expensive processors, but has struggled with its manufacturing process. Intel has historically led the way in producing smaller and less expensive processors, guided by Moore's Law, the chip industry trend named after Intel co-founder Gordon Moore, in which the number of transistors that companies are able to put on an integrated circuit has roughly doubled every two years. This trend has allowed chip makers to make smaller, more powerful, and less expensive processors, but Intel and competitors like AMD. But Intel has wrestled with problems in transition to a 10 nanometer process , as it also faced stiffer competition from rivals, led by AMD. "We have also invested in contingency plans to hedge against further schedule uncertainty," Swan also said on the call.  Got a tip about Intel or another tech company? Contact this reporter via email at [email protected], message him on Twitter @benpimentel or send him a secure message through Signal at (510) 731-8429. You can also contact Business Insider securely via SecureDrop. Claim your 20% discount on an annual subscription to BI Prime by clicking here. SEE ALSO: These 5 tech giants could buy VMware if Dell chooses to sell the software giant, according to analysts: 'VMware would be a valuable property to any company in enterprise' SEE ALSO: $15 billion cloud security company Zscaler is a 'freight train' as its stock soars more than 145% this year, says a Wall Street analyst who just boosted his price target Join the conversation about this story » NOW WATCH: Why American sunscreens may not be protecting you as much as European sunscreens
It’s time to throw out the old Moore’s Law metric
With IBM’s “7-nm and Beyond” research initiative completed, it's time to assess how its innovations have helped chipmakers keep up with the demands of Moore’s Law
A group of engineers at The University of Texas at Austin may have found a new material for manufacturing even smaller computer chips that could replace silicon and help overcome one of the biggest challenges facing the tech industry in decades: the inevitable end of Moore's Law.In 1965, Gordon Moore, founder of Intel, predicted the number of transistors that could fit on a computer chip would double every two years, while the cost of computers would be cut in half.Almost a quarter century later and Moore's Law continues to be surprisingly accurate.Silicon has been used in most electronic devices because of its wide availability and ideal semiconductor properties.There simply isn't enough room on existing chips to keep doubling the number of transistors.Researchers in the Cockrell School of Engineering are searching for other materials with semiconducting properties that could form the basis for an alternative chip.
Intel CEO Bob Swan said in an analyst call that the company is on target to return to a schedule of major manufacturing upgrades every 2 to 2.5 years.Intel took longer than usual to move from 14-nanometer manufacturing to 10-nanometer circuitry, causing a disruption to the company’s improvement in cost efficiency and making it vulnerable to competition from rival Advanced Micro Devices, which uses contract chip manufacturers such as GlobalFoundries and TSMC.AMD was able to move to 7-nanometer manufacturing (which Intel argues is equivalent to its 10-nanometer manufacturing) earlier this year, while Intel is expected to launch its 10-nanometer chips in the fourth quarter.This is important because most Moore’s Law (named after a famous prediction by Intel chair emeritus Gordon Moore in the 1960s) improvements over the past half century have been contingent on moving to smaller and smaller widths between the circuitry.A 10-nanometer chip has 10 nanometers (or 10 billionth of a meter) between the circuits, with billions of transistors (with each transistor made of multiple circuits) on a single piece of silicon.Chip designers can also pack more circuitry onto a same-sized chip.
For decades, the advances of technology, as predicted by Intel chair emeritus Gordon Moore, made chips faster, smaller, and cheaper by doubling the number of transistors on a chip every couple of years.That eventually leads to a data explosion.But I’m concerned that Moore’s Law is slowing down at the same time that this happens.And then if that’s true, what is the ultimate impact on climate change and whether this melts the planet down?Phil runs all the silicon at Google now, but he did a little stint between Nvidia and there, where he worked for a small startup that was doing just that, [thinking] about how to put a capacitive load into a little sensor and sip power out of it so you could fire it up when you needed to and it would send a small amount of data out, and then it could go back to sleep.But the notion of somebody inventing some kind of new Bitcoin analog, that would keep all the datacenters busy again … a lot more demand for graphics cards, that’s not exactly helping the planet.
Every time we binge on Netflix or install a new internet-connected doorbell to our home, we’re adding to a tidal wave of data.In just 10 years, bandwidth consumption has increased 100 fold, and it will only grow as we layer on the demands of artificial intelligence, virtual reality, robotics and self-driving cars.Tech companies have responded by building massive data centers full of servers.This trend is commonly known as Moore’s Law, for the Intel co-founder Gordon Moore and his famous 1965 observation that the number of transistors on a chip doubles every year (later revised to every two years), thereby doubling the speed and capability of computers.Compounding matters, the general-purpose chip architecture in wide use today, known as x86, which has brought us to this point, isn’t optimized for computing applications that are now becoming popular.We’re already seeing the roots of these newly specialized architectures on several fronts.
- Moore's law - which says the number of components that could be etched onto the surface of a silicon wafer would double every two years - has been the subject of recent debate.The quicker pace of computing advancements in the past decade have led some experts to say Moore's law, the brainchild of Intel co-founder Gordon Moore in the 1960s, no longer applies.Particularly of concern, next-generation computing devices require features smaller than 10 nanometers - driving unsustainable increases in fabrication costs.A Purdue University group has found ways of transforming structures that occur naturally in cell membranes to create other architectures, like parallel 1nm-wide line segments, more applicable to computing.Inspired by biological cell membranes, Purdue researchers in the Claridge Research Group have developed surfaces that act as molecular-scale blueprints for unpacking and aligning nanoscale components for next-generation computers."Biology has an amazing tool kit for embedding chemical information in a surface," said Shelley Claridge, a recently tenured faculty member in chemistry and biomedical engineering at Purdue, who leads a group of nanomaterials researchers.
Intel has explained how it struggled to bring 10-nanometer processors to market, while also admitting that we won’t see its 7nm chips until 2021.Meanwhile, its competitor AMD has recently released 7nm chips (such as the AMD Ryzen 9 3900X).Intel’s first mainstream octa-core CPU is a beast, but it's not cheapThe revelations come from Intel CEO Bob Swan, who said at Fortune's Brainstorm Tech conference in Aspen, Colorado, that Intel’s goal to have a 2.7x transistor density improvement in its 10nm chips compared to current 14nm chips was too ambitious."At a time when it gets harder and harder, we set a more aggressive goal.From that it just took us longer," Swan said.
My father, also an astronomer, helped start the Hubble Space Telescope program and protected it over the years from congressional budget-cutters.He lived long enough to help ensure funding for the final Hubble service mission, STS-125, which has kept the telescope going to this day, but not long enough to see that mission.To this day, my mother wears those fused wedding rings—which traveled 5 million miles in space, orbiting Earth 197 times—on a light gold chain around her neck.NASA is the victim of a rapidly evolving space landscape: Private industry, academia, and the military are squeezing it from all sides.New technologies that were unimaginable 50 years ago allowed university scientists with ground-based telescopes to achieve the astronomy spectacle of the decade—the first image of a black hole.When projects like the James Webb Telescope—with the resolution to probe life outside our solar system—fall years behind schedule and nearly a billion dollars over budget, oversight committees sharpen their knives.
For most of the trip, the astronauts had been passengers.The spacecraft had been guiding itself, relaying its position to Mission Control’s IBM mainframe—a contraption the size of a walk-in freezer, which in 1969 was what people thought of when they heard the term computer.The demand for miniaturization had led Gordon Moore, Fairchild’s head of R, to hypothesize that the number of components on an integrated circuit would double every year.NASA had pioneered the use of silicon, and the computer on the wall behind the astronauts was Moore’s law’s proof of concept.Aldrin managed the device by punching in two-digit commands he had memorized.In response, three small panels displayed five-digit codes that he’d been trained to interpret.
After four years, Intel finally has a new processor design.The processor's graphics speed is 50% to 80% faster, and dedicated circuitry will boost AI software and double video-handling speeds.Software should also improve to take advantage of the more powerful brains that can run it.Combined, we might actually have a reason to put our phones down.Among them: a PC processor thrust from rival chipmaker Qualcomm; competition with the convenience and connectivity of smartphones; and the loss of its manufacturing technology lead to Samsung and Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Corp.Finally, Ice Lake's new manufacturing process
Quantum computers are just weird, with data processed by qubits that can store ones and zeros at the same time.But they're like regular "classical" computers in one obvious way: Their designers want them to run faster.Now, with machines like its Q System One, IBM has not only proposed a convenient single number to calibrate a speedometer but also laid out an ambitious dotted line stretching across a road map into the future.The course it's charting aims to double performance each year so quantum computers can achieve what Big Blue calls quantum advantage, in which quantum computers are faster or more efficient at a task than a classical computer or accomplish something a classical computer simply can't.The speedometer is calibrated in a figure called quantum volume that measures not only how many qubits a quantum computer has -- a key measure of its data-processing ability -- but also how much use the computer can get out of the notoriously unstable qubits.IBM quantum computers reached quantum volume of 4 in 2017, then 8 in 2018, and now 16 with the Q System One.
Noting the startling advances in semiconductor technology, Intel co-founder Gordon Moore proposed that the number of transistors on a chip will double each year, an observation that has been born out since he made the claim in 1965.Still, it's unlikely Moore could have foreseen the extent of the electronics revolution currently underway.Today, a new breed of devices, bearing unique properties, is being developed.Advances in this fast-paced domain could improve devices for data storage and information processing and aid in the development of molecular switches, among other innovations.Here, electrons flowing as current behave like waves and are subject to a phenomenon known as quantum interference.In research appearing in the journal Nature Materials, Tao and colleagues from Japan, China and the UK outline experiments in which a single organic molecule is suspended between a pair of electrodes as a current is passed through the tiny structure.
Intel named its acting CEO Bob Swan as its permanent chief executive today.Perhaps the stock market and industry observers were expecting the company to go outside to find a CEO who could address Intel’s numerous competitive challenges.After the morning announcement, Intel’s stock price closed at $47.12 a share, down 0.88 percent, making the company’s valuation $215 billion.That’s not a serious drop in price, but it’s worth noting that investors did not view it as a positive.Swan is now the seventh CEO in Intel’s 50 year history; predecessors have included industry legends Bob Noyce, Gordon Moore, Andy Grove, Craig Barrett, and Paul Otellini.Those threats are coming from areas such as the datacenter, AI, automotive, internet of things, the PC, 5G, and mobile.
RIP Moore's Law; you had a good run.At least that's what Nvidia CEO Jensen Huang believes.The executive, who co-founded graphics-chip maker Nvidia, on Wednesday declared that "Moore's Law isn't possible anymore."A key part of semiconductor manufacturing is shrinking the components called transistors, the extraordinarily tiny electronic switches that process data for everything from the clocks in microwave ovens to the artificial intelligence algorithms running in our phones.Intel co-founder Gordon Moore in 1965 predicted a steady, two-year cadence of chip improvements that would double a processor's performance every couple of years.It's instead evolved into a shorthand definition for innovation at regular intervals, and has become a self-fulfilling prophecy driving the tech industry.
Intel co-founder Gordon Moore predicted in a 1965 paper that the number of transistors on a chip would double each year.More transistors mean more speed, and that steady increase has fuelled decades of computer progress.In 2016, MIT’s Technology Review declared, “Moore’s Law is dead,” and in January of this year, the Register issued a “death notice” for Moore’s Law.Intel, which makes the CPUs found in the majority of our laptops, desktops, and servers, has rarely been able to boast more than a 15-percent improvement in performance since 2014, and AMD, even with some rather radical new approaches to design, is typically only keeping pace with Intel in head-to-head battles.These are CPUs with a core count that starts as low as 8 and goes all the way up to 32.In modern computing, multiple cores can function in parallel, allowing certain processes that take advantage of multiple cores to go even faster.