Washington University paleoanthropologist Erik Trinkaus and his colleagues studied fossils, digital scans, photographs, and other archaeologists' reports from 77 Neanderthals and Homo sapiens who lived in Europe and Asia during the Pleistocene.Based on this sampling of remains with preserved inner ear bones, a surprising number of Neanderthals were running around Pleistocene Eurasia with swimmer's ear.Lifestyles of the cold, damp, and windyYou won't get swimmer's ear from a single cold-water surfing trip.If you're looking at a skeleton, swimmer's ear is the kind of trait that can tell you something about a person's habits in life.And they were more likely to develop severe cases, with bony growths large enough to mostly block the ear canal, as in the elderly Neanderthal now known to us only as Shanidar I.
Project Management and Task Management are often used interchangeably by us. On the face of it, they do seem similar but there are quite a few differences that set them apart.Also, it is important for us to understand, the key purposes that each of these solve.In generic terms, you may say how it matters – both of them help us organize ourselves, our work and activities.Agreed! To some extent yes. But that is not all they do.If it were that simplistic, we wouldn’t have a whole industry spun off to help businesses manage projects and run distinct project management offices (PMO) within their organizations.We will talk about that in a bit.But before that, what is challenging or say confusing for some is to understand that fine line between project and task management.Primarily because we are flooded with all sorts of software where some call themselves, task management software, collaboration tool, online workplace, work management software, project management tool, project collaboration tool and it goes on.Quite a mouthful, huh JWell, without getting lost in the marketing whirlwind let us stay focused on our core needs and what works best for us. More so, what to choose and when to switch between the two.Read the full article at Orangescrum Blog
One of the 210 000-year-old's skull, it can radically alter the way in which our history was made in Europe.the Discovery will move back to the time of Homo sapiens, the arrival of 40 000 or more a year.At the southern tip of the Greek mainland lies the Apidima caves.Which was found in 1978, two of the skulls that lay inkilade together in a crevice.The more intact and the skull was clearly nendertaldrag, and because they are found next to each other, of the same lump, it was expected that the other individual was a nendertalmänniska, and that the duo has escaped from the same period of time.However, scientists at the eberhard karls university, using the current analysis methods, the findings of a surprising result, as a foil to previous established theory.
It’s the earliest indication of our species on the continent, but the lack of supporting archaeological evidence raises some questions.The human fragment, dubbed Apidima 1, is just the back of the skull and was dated to 210,000 years ago, making it the oldest evidence of modern humans in Eurasia.Our species emerged in Africa around 100,000 years prior, with the earliest evidence of our species dating back to the Jebel Irhoud site in Morocco and the remarkable discovery of 315,000-year-old human fossils.Moreover, the earliest prior evidence of modern humans outside of Africa was discovered in Israel’s Misliya Cave – a partial jawbone dated to between 175,000 and 200,000 years ago.Regardless, this interpretation suggests a complicated migration scenario for early modern humans, as this is potential evidence of multiple dispersals from Africa, rather than one major exodus.“These results suggest that two late Middle Pleistocene human groups were present at this site – an early Homo sapiens population, followed by a Neanderthal population,” wrote the authors in the new study.
Modern humans emerged about 300,000 years ago in Africa.But anthropologists have found a 210,000-year-old Homo sapien skull in a Greek cave: the oldest modern human ever found in Eurasia.The discovery indicates that some humans left Africa far earlier than researchers previously thought and spread far wider.A study published today in the journal Nature revealed that the skull, which was originally discovered in Greece in the 1970s, belonged to a member of an early population of Homo sapiens and is about 210,000 years old.It predates what researchers previously considered to be the earliest evidence of Homo sapiens in Europe by more than 160,000 years.A tale of 2 skulls
DNA preserved in ancient bones and teeth has recently helped scientists reconstruct how groups of ancient humans migrated and mingled, and a new study now does the same thing for Neanderthals.Neanderthals lived in Eurasia for around 400,000 years, and it would be a huge stretch to assume they spent all that time as one big homogeneous population or that different groups of Neanderthals never migrated and mixed.Thanks to ancient DNA, we can now begin to see how Neanderthal groups moved around Eurasia long before Homo sapiens entered the mix.Evolutionary geneticist Stéphane Peyrégne and his colleagues recently sequenced DNA from two Neanderthals, both just over 120,000 years old.They belonged to two distinct groups of Neanderthals that last shared a common ancestor sometime between 130,000 and 145,000 years ago.It's also not very surprising that Scladina and HST have a lot of alleles in common with a Neanderthal who lived at Vindija Cave in Croatia 50,000 years ago.
Artificial emotional intelligence, or “emotion AI,” is emerging as a key component of the broader AI movement.The general idea is this: It’s all very well having machines that can understand and respond to natural-language questions, and even beat humans at games, but until they can decipher non-verbal cues such as vocal intonations, body language, and facial expressions, humans will always have the upper hand in understanding other humans.And it’s against that backdrop that countless companies are working toward improving computer vision and voice analysis techniques, to help machines detect the intricate and finely balanced emotions of a flesh-and-bones homo sapiens.One of those companies is Realeyes, a company that helps big brands such as AT, Mars, Hershey’s, and Coca-Cola gauge human emotions through desktop computers’ and mobile devices’ cameras.The London-based startup, which was founded in 2007, today announced a fresh $12.4 million round of funding from Draper Esprit, the VC arm of Japanese telecom giant NTT Docomo, Japanese VC fund Global Brain, Karma Ventures, and The Entrepreneurs Fund.Realeyes targets its technology at marketing campaigns, including videos and other creative assets such as photos or GIFs, as part of focus groups.
Neanderthals could have gone extinct due to a slight drop in their fertility rates, a new study finds.The last of the Neanderthals, the closest extinct relatives of modern humans, disappeared from Europe about 40,000 years ago.Previous research estimated that at its peak, the entire Neanderthal population in both Europe and Asia was quite small, totaling 70,000 at most.Scientists have long debated whether the dispersal of modern humans across the globe helped kill off Neanderthals, either directly through conflict or indirectly through the spread of disease."The disappearance of the Neanderthal population is an exciting subject — imagine a human group that has lived for thousands of years and is very well-adapted to its environment, and then disappears," study senior author Silvana Condemi, a paleoanthropologist at Aix-Marseille University in Marseille, France, told Live Science.Today, thanks to the results of genetic analysis, we know that the encounters between Neanderthals and sapiens were not always so cruel, and that interbreeding took place — even today's humans have genes of Neanderthal origin."
At least three-quarters of Americans, including 96 percent of members of Gen Z, shit with their smartphones.Among the top rated is an aluminum rack touting its “versatile convenience”: “the large, wide design not only holds your cell phone, it can be used as a rest for baby diapers, girl used pad ... or other accessories.”I used to DM during every BM.“Some have compared it to a religious experience, others an orgasm,” he says.“Do the deed and get up,” Sheth advises.Tudor Londoners hired “gong farmers” to schlep their droppings to the country, and land owners bequeathed dung heaps in their wills “because shit was worth something.” But the proliferation of private bathrooms in the 17th century, as psychoanalyst Dominique Laporte argues in History of Shit, accelerated the rise of individualism and negligence.
Dental evidence suggests Neanderthals and modern humans diverged from a common ancestor around 800,000 years ago—hundreds of thousands of years earlier than standard estimates.The finding could finally reveal the provenance of our shared ancestry, but some experts say the new evidence is unconvincing.Archaeological and genetic evidence suggests Neanderthals were romping around Eurasia around 400,000 years ago, and that modern humans, Homo sapiens, emerged in Africa around 300,000 years ago.The timing and geographic location of their momentous evolutionary split is not known, but studies of skulls and DNA suggests it happened around 500,000 to 600,000 years ago.The lone author of the new study, anthropologist Aida Gómez-Robles from the University College London, reached this conclusion after analysing Neanderthal teeth dated to 430,000 years ago.The Neanderthal teeth used in the study were previously found in Sima de los Huesos, a Spanish cave that hosted hominins during the Middle Pleistocene.
Equipped with only dining hall spoons, the clothes on their backs, and pure archaeological curiosity, undergraduates at Cambridge’s Newnham College in 1939 were given a crash course in field work when their professor, Dorothy Garrod, led them through the excavation of skeletal remains that had been unearthed on campus as a result of air-raid shelter preparations.As rudimentary as the excavation may have been, he said, “I’ve recently been involved with radiocarbon dating these skeletons, and have undertaken stable isotope analysis on their teeth as part of my PhD, so Professor Garrod’s legacy definitely still lives on!”Elected as the prestigious Disney Professor of Archaeology in 1939, Garrod was the first prehistorian and woman to chair a department at either Oxford or Cambridge, at a time when women were still not considered full members of the universities.In her work in the field, Garrod is credited with shifting the Eurocentric view of archaeology toward the Middle East, pioneering a new understanding of prehistory and relationships between Neanderthals and Homo sapiens, and bringing a new scientific focus to a field that was still in the infancy of wide academic acceptance.Garrod was born on May 5, 1892, to an intellectually elite family in London.Though Garrod’s father and grandfathers studied medicine—two of them even treated Queen Victoria directly—Garrod entered Newnham College in 1913 to study ancient and classical history.
Equipped with only dining hall spoons, the clothes on their backs, and pure archaeological curiosity, undergraduates at Cambridge’s Newnham College in 1939 were given a crash course in field work when their professor, Dorothy Garrod, led them through the excavation of skeletal remains that had been unearthed on campus as a result of air-raid shelter preparations.As rudimentary as the excavation may have been, he said, “I’ve recently been involved with radiocarbon dating these skeletons, and have undertaken stable isotope analysis on their teeth as part of my PhD, so Professor Garrod’s legacy definitely still lives on!”Elected as the prestigious Disney Professor of Archaeology in 1939, Garrod was the first prehistorian and woman to chair a department at either Oxford or Cambridge, at a time when women were still not considered full members of the universities.In her work in the field, Garrod is credited with shifting the Eurocentric view of archaeology toward the Middle East, pioneering a new understanding of prehistory and relationships between Neanderthals and Homo sapiens, and bringing a new scientific focus to a field that was still in the infancy of wide academic acceptance.Garrod was born on May 5, 1892, to an intellectually elite family in London.Though Garrod’s father and grandfathers studied medicine—two of them even treated Queen Victoria directly—Garrod entered Newnham College in 1913 to study ancient and classical history.
In 2010, archaeologists found evidence of a previously unknown hominin, the Denisovans, in a Siberian cave.This Denisovan mandible was discovered nearly 40 years ago by a monk who was wandering through Baishiya Karst Cave in Xiahe, China.We suspected this day would come, and it’s finally happened—the first fossil evidence of this species outside of Denisova cave, which is located in the Siberian Altai Mountains.Today, bits of Denisovan DNA linger on in present day Asian, Australian, and Melanesian populations.Indeed, a remarkable and puzzling aspect of Denisovan DNA is the presence of an allele known as EPAS1.This genetic mutation confers resistance to hypoxia, otherwise known as altitude sickness.
In 2010, archaeologists found evidence of a previously unknown hominin, the Denisovans, in a Siberian cave.This Denisovan mandible was discovered nearly 40 years ago by a monk who was wandering through Baishiya Karst Cave in Xiahe, China.We suspected this day would come, and it’s finally happened—the first fossil evidence of this species outside of Denisova cave, which is located in the Siberian Altai Mountains.Today, bits of Denisovan DNA linger on in present day Asian, Australian, and Melanesian populations.Indeed, a remarkable and puzzling aspect of Denisovan DNA is the presence of an allele known as EPAS1.This genetic mutation confers resistance to hypoxia, otherwise known as altitude sickness.
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