In research published in the journal Evidence Based Mental Health, a team at the University of Liverpool found that many mental health apps and online programmes lack "an underlying evidence base, a lack of scientific credibility and limited clinical effectiveness".Simon Leigh, co-author of the study, argues that apps should be "well-informed, scientifically credible, peer reviewed and evidence based"."The rate at which apps come out is always going to outweigh the rate at which they can be evaluated.Mental health apps have grown in popularity at a time when psychological services have faced an increased demand and decreased resources.Many people find it hard to access services because of geography, because of mental ill health, because of physical disability.We've also found that, in the 50% of cases that do get to a GP, they're not able to guide mental health problems adequately."
The tendency to treat childhood ADHD with drugs has levelled off in the UK, following a steep rise over the past 20 years, research published in the BMJ Open has revealed.However, when kids with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder ADHD are treated with drugs, their treatment lasts for much longer than that of their European or US peers, the findings have shown.These patterns may reflect the impact of National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines issued in 2008, suggest the researchers.More than three out of four UK children around 77% were still being prescribed ADHD drugs one year after diagnosis and 60% were still on treatment two years later, the figures show.This is an observational study, and the researchers point out that their analysis cannot determine the causes behind the prescribing patterns they found.Neither flash nor html5 is supported!
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In a word, the study concluded that cured meat and worsening asthma symptoms go hand-in-hand.This subset of EGEA participants, all of whom experience some degree of asthma, received medical examinations and filled out questionnaires regarding their symptoms.The participants did follow-up surveys on their asthma conditions five to ten years later.After collecting and analysing the data, the researchers found that the odds of worsening asthma symptoms were 76 percent higher for those who ate the most cured meat more than four servings a week , compared with those who ate the least cured meat less than one serving a week .Last year, a World Health Organisation committee announced that processed meats like bacon and hot dogs cause cancer, and other red meats like beef and veal might be carcinogenic.The most recent Thorax study is an observational study, meaning the scientists didn t actually tell anyone to eat ham, but merely looked at how a group of people changed over time.
In a word, the study concluded that cured meat and worsening asthma symptoms go hand-in-hand.This subset of EGEA participants, all of whom experience some degree of asthma, received medical examinations and filled out questionnaires regarding their symptoms.The participants did follow-up surveys on their asthma conditions five to ten years later.After collecting and analysing the data, the researchers found that the odds of worsening asthma symptoms were 76 percent higher for those who ate the most cured meat more than four servings a week , compared with those who ate the least cured meat less than one serving a week .Last year, a World Health Organisation committee announced that processed meats like bacon and hot dogs cause cancer, and other red meats like beef and veal might be carcinogenic.The most recent Thorax study is an observational study, meaning the scientists didn t actually tell anyone to eat ham, but merely looked at how a group of people changed over time.
Who doesn’t love logging on to the good old ‘net on a Friday morning to the headline “Coconut oil ‘as unhealthy as beef fat and butter.’” It’s got everything.Instead, the American Heart Association has reviewed the existing data, again reiterating that saturated fats are bad.Coconut oil has been recently touted as a healthier oil, and also the butt of a health nut-bashing meme going around, “If you stir coconut oil into your kale, it makes it easier to scrape into the bin.” To all of this I say: Coconut oil isn’t a health food and it isn’t junk food.The AHA released a review yesterday because “meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised clinical trials have come to discordant conclusions about the relationship between dietary saturated fat and risk of [cardiovascular disease],” they write, “creating confusion.”The news coverage is not fine, and has added to the confusion.So let’s break it down: Fats are actually a slew of different molecules, stacked in three prongs.
In the years after health insurance coverage under the Affordable Care Act unfurled in Multnomah County, Oregon, cardiac arrests among those newly covered fell 17 percent, researchers report this week in the Journal of the American Heart Association.The pilot study, led by researchers at Oregon Health & Science University and the Heart Institute of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, is just an observational study—it can’t determine causation—and it only looked at the one county.But, the authors argue, the data begs for follow-up.“Despite general agreement that expanded insurance coverage leads to positive health effects, the mechanism of this benefit and effect on health outcomes remains poorly understood,” they note.In past small studies, findings have been murky on whether health insurance significantly alters major health events—such as cardiac arrests.For the new study, the researchers pulled census data of Multnomah’s population (around Portland) of about 636,000, as well as EMS reports of cardiac arrests.
New research out of the American Heart Association has found a link between artificially sweetened beverages like diet soda and an increased risk of stroke in post-menopausal women.Using self-reported data, this observational study compared women who consumed at least two artificially sweetened drinks per day with women who consumed few or no diet drinks, and it found that women in the first group were more likely to suffer from stroke and heart disease.Artificial sweeteners are commonly used in diet drinks as a replacement for sugar or high-fructose corn syrup; these beverages are popular among diabetics and individuals watching their caloric intake.Many of these artificial sweeteners have proven controversial over past decades, with criticism ranging from conspiracy theories to legit studies highlighting potential health issues.When compared with women who consumed either no diet drinks or less than one artificially sweetened beverage per week, women who consumed at least two of these beverages were found to be 29-percent more likely to develop heart disease.This included cases of both non-fatal and fatal heart attacks.
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) funded a number of studies that ultimately resulted in the formation of a heart-healthy diet called Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH).A number of studies have found that eating the DASH diet reduces both high blood pressure and cholesterol risk, and now a new study has joined them revealing that DASH eaters may also have lower heart failure risk, as well.According to the American Heart Association, the DASH diet requires consumers to limit the amount of salt, red meat, and added-sugar foods they consume while putting an emphasis on healthy foods like poultry, whole grains, nuts, fish, and other products low in saturated fat.The NIH provides a DASH meal plan here (PDF).New research out of the Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center has revealed that eating the DASH diet protocol may also slash the risk of heart failure in individuals below the age of 75.The findings come from an observational study involving around 4,500 people below 75 years old who closely followed the DASH diet.
Anxiety, a common mental health issue that impacts many adults at some point during their lives, may be reduced through a combination of probiotic supplements and improving one’s diet.The findings come from a review of existing research performed by a team from Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine’s Shanghai Mental Health Center.The results build upon an existing body of evidence hinting at a profound gut-brain link.The observational study looked at a total of 21 high-quality studies involving a total of more than 1,500 people.Fourteen of the 21 studies involved the use of probiotics as a potential way to regulate intestinal microbiota, a type of intervention referred to as IRIF.The remaining seven studies involved a collective assortment of non-probiotic intervention methods, which included changing the foods participants ate daily.
According to the researchers at the University of Greifswald in Germany that electric toothbrushe help to prevent tooth loss as compared to manual brushing.This 11-year-old study is based on examination, observation and follows up.The observational study investigates the relation and association between electric toothbrushing and periodontitis, caries and number of teeth present.Users of electric toothbrush experienced 20% less tooth loss during follow up than manual.Participants of this study group according to the severity of their periodontitis, the association between electric toothbrushing and tooth retention was significant only in those with no or mild periodontitis and not in those with moderate or severe periodontitis.Further observation showed and relate electric toothbrushing with fewer pockets and better attachment of teeth to the gums and bone.
An observational study conducted in a French hospital showed that human contact was responsible for 90 percent of the spread of one species of antibiotic-resistant bacteria to new patients, but less than 60 percent of the spread of a different species.Audrey Duval of the Versailles Saint Quentin University and Institut Pasteur in Paris, France, and colleagues present these findings in PLOS Computational Biology.People treated in hospitals and other health care settings are increasingly at risk of infection with multidrug-resistant bacteria.Understanding how ESBL bacteria spread from person to person is key to developing effective prevention strategies.In the new study, Duval and colleagues distributed wearable sensors to hundreds of patients and health care workers in a French hospital.Equipped with RFID tags, the sensors allowed the researchers to track patterns of human contact between patients over an eight-week period.
WASHINGTON, D.C. – Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $13 million in funding for 27 projects in atmospheric sciences in an effort to improve models for predicting weather and climate.Through analysis of extensive observational data, projects aim to deepen understanding of the complex processes of cloud formation and dynamics and their impact on the atmosphere.Results will be used to build more precision into today’s computer models.“Improving the scientific understanding of atmospheric and cloud processes is a critical step towards improving our ability to predict weather events,” said Under Secretary of Science Paul Dabbar.“DOE has led the world in the ground-based observation of atmospheric processes, and these projects will help translate the observational data gained through that effort into new predictive capabilities.”Researchers are expected to sift and analyze data generated primarily by the DOE Office of Science’s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) User Facility, the world’s leading facility for ground-based observations of cloud and atmospheric processes.
Bottom Line: This observational study analyzed survey data from 1,652 active-duty military personnel to examine associations between firearm ownership and storage practices with suicidal thoughts and behaviors.More than one-third (35.7%) of military personnel reported having a firearm in or around their homes, with 32.2% indicating their firearms were safely stored unloaded and locked up.Study authors report that although service members with recent thoughts about death or self-harm were less likely to report having firearms at home, safe storage practices were less common among those with a history of suicidal thoughts or behaviors who had firearms.Limitations of the study include self-reported information.Authors: Craig J. Bryan, Psy.D., A.B.P.P., University of Utah, Salt Lake City, and coauthorsEditor's Note: The article includes conflict of interest and funding/support disclosures.
Observational data collected over the years suggests the largest volcano on Jupiter’s moon Io – the most geologically active object in the Solar System – will erupt in mid-September, which is pretty much any moment now.When it comes to eruptions, volcanoes tend to operate on their own unpredictable schedules.When this thing blows, which it tends to do on the regular, it accounts for 15 percent of the moon’s total heat expenditure.So powerful is this 200-kilometre-wide (124-mile) volcano that astronomers can observe its tantrums using ground-based telescopes, making it the most thoroughly studied volcano not on Earth.For the past 20 years, astronomer Julie Rathbun from the Planetary Science Institute in Arizona has watched in astonishment as this volcano erupts with eerie regularity.Her latest calculations suggest Loki will erupt in mid-September, as she told an audience today at the EPSC-DPS Joint Meeting 2019 in Geneva, Switzerland, according to a press release put out by the Europlanet Society.
Bottom Line: A study of legal handgun purchasers in California suggests convictions for driving under the influence (DUI) prior to a gun purchase may be associated with subsequent risk of arrest for violent crimes, including firearm-related ones.The observational study included about 79,000 gun purchasers followed-up from their first gun purchase in 2001 through 2013.Of the 1,495 purchasers with DUI convictions, 131 (8.8%) were subsequently arrested for violent crimes listed on the Crime Index (murder, rape, robbery and aggravated assault) published by the FBI.Among 65,700 purchasers with no prior criminal history, 1,188 (1.8%) were subsequently arrested for Crime Index-listed violent crimes.Compared with gun purchasers who had no prior criminal history, gun purchasers with prior DUI convictions and no other criminal history were at increased risk of arrest for a Crime Index-listed violent crime, a firearm-related violent crime and any violent crime.Limitations of the study include the exclusion of gun purchasers age 50 and older thus limiting the generalizability of the findings.
A newly published observational study has found a link between laughing on a regular basis and an increased ability to deal with stressful situations. Though that aspect of the study wasn’t terribly surprising, researchers also found another element that they describe as unexpected — the intensity of the laughter didn’t have any impact on the benefits from it. Life is … Continue reading
A new observational study has linked caffeine consumption during pregnancy with a number of potential complications, suggesting that it may not be safe to consume the common stimulant in any quantity while pregnant. This surprising — and controversial — finding is contrary to current medical advice, which is that while pregnant when can generally consume caffeine, they should cap the … Continue reading
(JAMA Network) This observational study quantified national changes in the volume, type and content of primary care delivered during the COVID-19 pandemic, especially with regard to office-based visits compared with telemedicine encounters.
(The Lancet) Older people living with or in close contact with people of working age may be at higher risk of COVID-19 mortality in Stockholm, Sweden, according to an observational study published today in The Lancet Healthy Longevity journal.
The research report provides a big picture on Patient Registry Software Market Share, on a global basis, offering a forecast and statistic in terms of revenue during the forecast periodPatient Registry Software Market is expected to register a CAGR of 11.08% to reach USD 1,998.83 Million by 2025.Patient registry software is an organized system that utilizes observational study methods for collecting clinical as well as non-clinical patient data for evaluation of specified outcomes for a population that is defined by a particular disease, condition, or exposure, and that serves a predetermined clinical, scientific, or policy purposes.The demand for patient registry software s is increasing due to the high adoption rate of electronic health records and increasing use of patient registry data for post-marketing surveillance.These factors are expected to fuel the growth of the global patient registry software market.However, privacy and data security-related concerns are anticipated to hamper the market growth.Global Patient Registry Software Market Insights 2020 provides a unique tool for evaluating the Market, highlighting opportunities, and supporting strategic and tactical decision-making.This report recognizes that in this rapidly-evolving and competitive environment, up-to-date Marketing information is essential to monitor performance and make critical decisions for growth and profitability.It provides information on trends and developments, and focuses on Markets and materials, capacities and technologies, and on the changing structure of the Serotonin Supplements Market.Some of the key players operating for the global market analysis are ArborMetrix, Dacima Software Inc, Evado Pty.
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