(University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center) Computer scientists from UT Arlington developed a deep learning method to create realistic objects for virtual environments that can be used to train robots. The researchers used TACC's Maverick2 supercomputer to train the generative adversarial network. The network is the first that can produce colored point clouds with fine details at multiple resolutions. The team presented their results at the International Conference on 3D Vision (3DV) in Nov. 2020.
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(The Academy of Medicine, Engineering & Science of Texas) AUSTIN - Guihua Yu, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Materials Science and Mechanical Engineering in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin, is the recipient of the 2021 Edith and Peter O'Donnell Award in Engineering from TAMEST (The Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas). He was chosen for his revolutionary use of nanotechnology and conductive polymer-hydrogels to provide solutions to two of society's biggest challenges: water sustainability and energy storage.
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Scientists have known for years that membranes can do things such as act as a filter for saltwater. When salty ocean water is moved through a membrane, clean water comes out the other side that can be used for agriculture and drinking, among other things. While pushing water through a membrane is a simple enough process, the exact method that … Continue reading
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(Penn State) A desalination membrane acts as a filter for salty water: push the water through the membrane, get clean water suitable for agriculture, energy production and even drinking. The process seems simple enough, but it contains complex intricacies that have baffled scientists for decades -- until now. Researchers from Penn State, The University of Texas at Austin, Iowa State University, Dow Chemical Company and DuPont Water Solutions published a key finding in understanding how membranes actually filter minerals from water, online today (Dec. 31) in Science.
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(University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center) Computer simulations of the Ebola virus structure are helping to crack its defenses. Ebola virus nucleocapsid stability conferred by RNA electrostatic interactions. XSEDE EMPOWER undergraduate program, allocations on TACC Stampede2 and PSC Bridges systems supported research. Research by Perilla Lab of the University of Delaware opens door for possible druggable sites targeting stability of Ebola virus nucleocapsid.
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(University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center) Computational astrophysics study modeled for the first time faint supernovae of metal-free first stars, yielding carbon-enhanced abundance patterns for star formation. Study investigated formation of first stars and the origin of elements heavier than hydrogen, helium, lithium. XSEDE allocations on systems Stampede2 of TACC and Comet of SDSC; Georgia Tech PACE Hive cluster aided researchers explorations of carbon-enhanced metal-poor stars.
(University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center) Computer modeling of the COVID-19 virus on supercomputers showed that the spike protein visits an intermediate state before it can dock to the receptor protein on the host cell membrane. This intermediate state can be useful for drug targeting to prevent the spike protein to initiate viral infection. The initial findings, which showed the existence of an intermediate semi-open state of the spike protein, was published in the Journal of Chemical Physics.
(University of Texas at Austin) The University of Texas at Austin's Oden Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences has been selected by the Department of Energy (DOE) to establish a Multidisciplinary Simulation Center, with the mission to develop the next generation of exascale predictive simulation capabilities.
(University of Texas at Austin) An international team of researchers have found a way to refine and reliably produce an unpredictable and hard-to-control material that could impact environmental conservation, energy and consumer electronics. The material, Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2), holds tremendous potential for numerous applications in energy storage, water treatment, gas, chemical and light sensing.
NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) and the space agency’s retired Spitzer Space Telescope have been used to spot the first possible ‘survivor’ planet hugging a white dwarf star.
(University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center) TACC's Stampede1 was one of the most powerful supercomputers in the U.S. for open science research from 2013 to 2017. In 2018, 20 racks were donated to UT Dallas through the UT Research Cyberinfrastructure initiative and became Ganymede, a resource for campus researchers. Through efforts by campus facilitators, the number of HPC users at UT Dallas grew from a few dozen to several hundred.
(University of Texas at Austin) An antibody test for the virus that causes COVID-19 is more accurate and can handle a much larger number of donor samples at lower overall cost than standard antibody tests currently in use. In the near term, the test can be used to accurately identify the best donors for convalescent plasma therapy and measure how well candidate vaccines and other therapies elicit an immune response.
(University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center) Researchers are shedding light on a type of membrane-less organelle, known as biological condensates, that play a role in DNA repair and aging. Using the Frontera supercomputer, biophysicists from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign performed coarse-grained molecular dynamics of one particular biomolecular condensate -- fused in sarcoma (FUS). Writing in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, they outlined a phase diagram showing the physical states of the condensate under different conditions of temperature and pressure.
(University of Texas at Austin) One of the biggest scientific advances of the last decade is getting better thanks to researchers at The University of Texas at Austin; the University of California, Berkeley; and Korea University. The team has developed a new tool to help scientists choose the best available gene-editing option for a given job, making the technology called CRISPR safer, cheaper and more efficient. The tool is outlined in a new paper in Nature Biotechnology.
(University of Texas at Austin) The National Science Foundation has selected The University of Texas at Austin to lead the NSF AI Institute for Foundations of Machine Learning, one of five new national AI institutes.
Texas has long been a major tech hub, home to giants like Dell and known for a dynamic startup ecosystem that rivals Silicon Valley. Major technology companies, including Silicon Valley behemoths like Google, Cisco, IBM, SAP, Microsoft and Oracle have expanded their operations in Texas, including in cities like Austin.  For example, Google hired a customer sales engineer with a salary of $114,000 to $214,000, while Oracle hired a senior developer with a salary of $129,000 to $225,000. Here's a survey of what Oracle, IBM, Dell, SAP, Cisco, Google, and Microsoft pay new hires in Texas, based on disclosure data for permanent and temporary workers filed with the US Office of Foreign Labor Certification in 2019. Click here for more BI Prime stories. Texas has long been seen as a major tech hub. It's the established home to tech giants like Dell, and has more recently earned a reputation for having a vibrant startup ecosystem that's coming to rival Silicon Valley. In fact, major technology companies, including Silicon Valley behemoths like Google, Cisco and Oracle have expanded their operations in Texas, particularly in and around cities like Austin and Dallas. The Texas tech industry has "evolved exponentially over the past five to six years just based on the companies we have planting roots here and the influx of tech companies coming in,"  Ashley Jennings, managing director of the Texas Innovation Center at the University of Texas at Austin, told Business Insider. Business Insider analyzed the US Office of Foreign Labor Certification's 2019 disclosure data for permanent and temporary foreign workers to find out what six  major players in enterprise tech — Oracle, IBM, SAP, Cisco, Dell, Microsoft and Google — pay tech talent in key roles including engineers, developers and data scientists in Texas. Companies are required to disclose information, such as salary ranges, when they hire foreign workers under the H1-B visa program, giving insight into what these major companies are willing to shell out for talent. Here's how much these top enterprise technology companies paid employees hired in Texas in 2020:SEE ALSO: How much product managers are paid at enterprise giants like Oracle, Cisco, VMware, SAP, ServiceNow and Workday — and how the job is evolving SEE ALSO: Tech sales and marketing salaries revealed: How much enterprise giants IBM, Oracle, Dell, Cisco, and VMware pay sales reps, managers, and consultants SEE ALSO: Enterprise tech salaries revealed: How much Oracle, IBM, SAP, Cisco, Dell, VMware, ServiceNow and Workday pay engineers, developers, data scientists and others Google hired a customer sales engineer with a salary of $114,000 to $214,000. Google is the third-most dominant player in cloud computing, after Amazon and Microsoft.  The Silicon Valley giant is building a $600 million massive data center in Midlothian, about 25 miles southwest of Dallas. Google had 6,497 visa applications approved this year, including 82 in Texas. Here are some of Google's recent hires in Texas and how much they're paid: Customer sales engineer: $114,000 to $214,000 Sales engineer: $167,000 Application engineer: $142,000 Business systems analyst: $130,000 Application engineer: $130,000 Software engineer: $110,000 Google Cloud, specialist sales engineer: $106,000 Google Cloud, inside sales engineer: $105,000 Network implementation engineer: $88,000 Google Cloud technical resident: $78,000   Microsoft hired a senior software development engineer with a salary of $159,000. Microsoft is the second-most dominant player in the cloud, after Amazon Web Services. The tech giant has seven locations in Texas, including in Austin, Houston, San Antonio and Dallas. Microsoft had 4,134 approved visa applications in 2020, including 103 in Texas. Here are some of Microsoft's recent hires in Texas and how much they're paid: Premier field engineer: $168,000 Senior software development engineer: $159,000 Product manager: $158,000 Cloud solution architect: $155,000 Senior data and applied scientist: $148,000 Support engineering manager: $148,000 Software engineer: $147,000 Program manager: $146,000 Escalation engineer: $136,000 Support engineer: $86,000   Oracle hired a senior developer with a salary of $129,000 to $225,000. Oracle, a dominant vendor in enterprise software, is pushing to become a bigger player in the cloud, where it is up against stronger rivals led by Amazon, Microsoft and Google. The Silicon Valley giant two years ago opened a massive campus in Austin as part of a major campaign to lure new talent, particularly college grads. Oracle  had 452 approved visa applications this year, including 45 in Texas. Here are some of Oracle's recent hires in Texas and how much they're paid: Software developer: $129,000 to $225,000 Master principal sales consultant: $136,000 to $199,000 Systems analyst: $113,000 to $179,000 User experience developer: $124,000 to $179,000 Applications developer: $107,000 to $150,000 Senior sales consultant: $117,000 to $157,000 Financial analyst: $115,000 to $157,000 Credit and collections senior manager: $97,000 to $142,000 Software development consultant: $102,000 to $141,000 Staff sales consultant: $88,000 to $125,000   IBM hired a technical architect with a salary of $113,000 to $225,000. IBM is a traditional tech powerhouse which has long been a major player in the enterprise market. Big Blue has long had a strong presence in Texas where it runs a major research facility in Austin and client services centers in Houston, Iriving and Dallas. IBM had 1,876 approved visa applications this year, including 290 in Texas. Here are some of IBM's recent hires in Texas and how much they're paid: Chief technology officer, digital platforms: $232,000 Technical architect: $113,000 to $225,000 Senior architect: $132,000 to $217,000 Software developer: $128,000 to $196,000 Advisory engineer: $132,000 to $186,000 Advisory architect: $113,000 to $166,000 Project manager: $94,000 to $140,000 Application architect: $96,000 to $138,000 Data engineer: $97,000 to $132,000 Application programmer: $78,000   Dell hired a director for IT architecture with a salary of $180,000. Dell, which is based in Round Rock, just outside Austin, is a major tech and corporate institution in Texas. Ashley Jennings, managing director of the Texas Innovation Center at the University of Texas at Austin, calls company the "tech godfather of the city of Austin" which has "created more jobs" than any other tech company in the region. Dell had 472 approved visa applications this year, including 398 in Texas. Here are some of Dell's recent hires in Texas and how much they're paid: Senior director, material planning: $236,000 Senior director, quality engineering: $200,000 Director, IT architecture: $180,000 Software, senior principal engineer: $178,000 Technical staff, software engineer: $171,000 Firmware senior principal engineer: $160,000 Senior consultant, sales, planning and strategy: $159,000 Principal engineer, product security engineering: $153,000 Senior consultant, IT architecture: $151,000 Electrical senior engineer: $130,000   SAP hired a services architecture expert with a salary of $130,000 to $220,000. SAP is one of the biggest enterprise software vendors in the world. But like archrival Oracle, the German tech behemoth is pushing for a stronger position in the cloud. SAP has maintained a presence in Texas, including in Houston, Allen and Plano, where one of the tech giant's six US labs is located. SAP had 393 approved visa applications, including 23 in Texas. Here are some of SAP's recent hires in Texas and how much they're paid: Services architecture expert: $130,000 to $220,000 Expert support engineer: $200,000 Business senior manager, consulting: $196,000 Business processes, senior consultant: $175,000 Demo solutions architect: $153,000 Senior support engineer: $131,000 Senior developer: $131,000 Technical consultant: $126,000 Development senior consultant: $123,000 Support engineer: $82,000   Cisco hired a systems architect with a salary of $161,000 to $216,000. Cisco dominates the market for networking systems. The Silicon Valley company is also adapting to new trends in enterprise tech, including the rapid growth of the cloud and of networking that relies more heavily on software, rather than hardware. Cisco also has a strong presence in Texas,  including in Houston, San Antonio, Dallas and Richardson. Cisco had 695 approved visa applications, including 71 in Texas. Here are some of Cisco's recent hires in Texas and how much they're paid:  Systems architect: $161,000 to  $216,000 Technical leader: $133,000 to $193,000 Customer delivery architect: $126,000 to $193,000 User experience designer: $102,000 to $185,000 Technical marketing engineer: $118,000 to $169,000 Software architect: $116,000 to $169,000 Technical consulting engineer: $113,000 to $168,000 Software engineer: $112,000 to $155,000 Software quality assurance engineer: $105,000 to $155,000 Network engineer: $80,000  
(University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center) NASA JPL are developing autonomous capabilities that could allow future Mars rovers to go farther, faster and do more science. Training machine learning models on the Maverick2 supercomputer at the Texas Advanced Computing Center, their team developed and optimized models for Drive-By Science and Energy-Optimal Autonomous Navigation. The team presented results of their work at the IEEE Aerospace Conference in March 2020. The project was a finalist for the NASA Software Award.
Recent users of telehealth tools span age groups and types of care. Major upsides that providers see are expanding access to rural areas and offloading time-consuming tasks that slow caregivers from seeing patients. Full autonomy is far into the future, according to the panelists on this recent digital healthcare panel. With telemedicine usage surging during COVID-19 shutdowns, health experts are beginning to question whether the trend will endure, and how much further digital health tools can automate while still maintaining the personal touch that is a hallmark of healthcare. To address these questions, Dell Technologies convened the recent panel, "Autonomy on call: The future of digital health." Read four main takeaways from the discussion below. The digital-health trust gap is closing. Pre-pandemic surveys showed only a small slice of Americans had telehealth services, though 66% of US consumers indicated they were willing to try them. The pendulum swung quickly, said Dr. Clay Johnston, an epidemiologist who is also dean of Dell Medical School and VP for Medical Affairs at the University of Texas, Austin. He reported three-quarters of patient visits have transitioned to telemedicine recently, even when much of the state remained open. John Roese, chief technology officer for Dell Technologies, suggested that adoption is increasing for the simple reason that societal pressures to dial back on face-to-face interactions made more people try telemedicine  — and once they tried it, they became comfortable making it routine. Users are a more diverse group than you might think. Roese also pointed out that while millennials, as expected, are comfortable seeking some forms of medical care online, elderly populations are accessing these services as well — again, because necessity pushed them over the initial hump to sample the tools. Dr. Johnston reported even sensitive, conversation-based therapies like psychiatry and psychology showing surprising reliance on virtual sessions. The third panelist was Dr. Anthony Rudine, a neonatologist and director of neonatology research at St. David's Medical Center in Austin. He was asked whether he could imagine parents of newborns being satisfied with asking medical questions via chatbot. "If you would've asked me a year ago, I would've said no," he replied. "But I think COVID really has changed the way a lot of us think about things." In the case of neonatal units, new visitor restrictions can also restrict access by new parents to nurses and doctors that before might have been constant or on-demand. "I think that could be the perfect place for a bot to provide some empathy for a new parent who might have some fear or worry," he said. The trade-off in personal touch is expanded access to services. Rudine also pointed out that sub-specialties like neonatology can be difficult to access by patients living in rural areas. In a virtual-visit scenario, a specialist can "round" by observing and guiding a consultation from hundreds of miles away, with a rural community's nurse practitioner or pediatrician as the healthcare professional actually in the exam room with hands on the patient. The key to applying autonomy to healthcare is deciding what's best for machines and what should be left to humans. The entire panel agreed some use cases in healthcare are tailor-made for machines. Humans, even highly trained medical professionals, are incapable of processing the large data sets that healthcare delivery is increasingly reliant upon. As image-recognition technology improves, functions like evaluating x-rays will increasingly become automated. And there is some decision-making associated with our current climate that the panel could imagine being offloaded to AI. For example, if some patients are torn about visiting emergency rooms because they don't want to compound a health risk with potential coronavirus exposure, a chatbot-like exchange could help them make the right decision.  Still, Roese believes full healthcare autonomy is just as far as off as fully self-driving vehicles. "One of the myths about things like autonomy and machine intelligence is that they're able to achieve full outcomes without a person in the loop," he cautioned. "If you believe you can go to an autonomous AI on a website, and it will give you the same intuition, the same clinical outcome as working with a physician, it just isn't the case yet. "Now I say 'yet,' because we will get there on certain tasks. But our belief is that the path towards full autonomy is a very long journey, but it's worth going on." To view the full discussion and explore other discussions in the series, visit the Technologies Keeping Humanity in Business hub. This post was created by Insider Studios with Dell Technologies.  Join the conversation about this story »
Reducing the cobalt content in lithium-ion batteries is good for the environment, human rights, and maybe even the performance of the battery itself.
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