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A new study from McLean Hospital has potentially found brain regions that drive the dissociation response reported by individuals who suffered abuse and trauma during childhood. The findings add an element of legitimacy to dissociation and dissociation disorders, both of which still face skepticism and doubt at both the public and clinical levels. The findings were made possible, in part, … Continue reading
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(University of Texas at Arlington) The Office of Naval Research has awarded a grant to Ashfaq Adnan, professor of mechanical engineering at The University of Texas at Arlington, to acquire equipment for nanoscale damage analysis of brains.
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On August 5, 2019, India's Hindu nationalist government revoked the autonomy of the Muslim-majority Jammu and Kashmir region by scrapping Article 370, a constitutional provision that grants special status and allows the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir to make its own laws . The day before, it had cut off phone signals, mobile data, and broadband internet.
Majid Maqbool is a freelance journalist from the region and the opinions expressed are his own. He says Kashmir's internet blackout traumatised families, devastated businesses, and cut millions of people off from the outside world.
A year on from when 213-day blackout started, he writes about what it was like to live through — and about how the media celebrated Kashmiris' loss of freedom.
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This week marks one year since I and seven million other Kashmiris were subjected to the longest-ever internet blackout in a democracy.
On August 4, 2019 — the day before India's Hindu nationalist government revoked the autonomy of the Jammu and Kashmir region — mobile and landline phone signals, mobile data, and broadband internet were shut down and a curfew was announced (the government imposed another curfew this week, saying it was worried about anniversary protests).
Extra soldiers were brought in to patrol the streets and confine us to our homes. Gatherings of more than three people were banned. Hundreds of Kashmiri leaders, including ones who had long advocated that Muslim-majority Kashmir embrace its place in Hindu-majority India, were jailed under draconian laws like the Public Safety Act, that the government claims is a preventive detention law under which a person can be taken under custody in order to prevent them from acting harmfully against the security of the state in Jammu & Kashmir.
The communication clampdown was meant to quell any protests.
Hundreds of thousands of families were suddenly cut off from their loved ones, and students studying abroad couldn't contact home. It was traumatic, and no date was given for when it might end. Meanwhile, triumphant headlines on the Indian news channels declared: "A Naya (new) Kashmir is born!"
My parents, who are in their mid 60s, left for the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca two days before communication was cut. They couldn't speak to us for more than a month. For the first time in my life, I couldn't greet them on the day of Eid. Their once-in-a-lifetime experience was filled with added anxieties and worries.
About two weeks in, I reached a media centre the government set up in mid-August in a hotel in the city, where hundreds of journalists jostled to get a few minutes of internet access and file their reports on one of a dozen computers. After waiting in the queue for hours, I logged in and sent a short email to my brother, who was in UAE, telling him that we were fine and asking him about our parents, who had been calling him frequently to find out if he could somehow contact us.
I added a final line before signing off: Please tell them to not worry about us. My time was up. Others stood behind me waiting for the computer impatiently. Two days later, I read his reply after I once again dodged spools of concertina wires and road barricades to return to the media centre.
"How did you manage to access the internet?" he wrote, surprised and delighted. Our parents were worried about us, he added, but relieved to know that we were fine despite the curfew and total communications blackout.
When they returned home after more than 40 days, it was an emotional reunion. We hugged each other at the airport. It broke my heart to see tears in their eyes.
"We were restless and worried when the phones didn't connect and we couldn't contact you," my mother said, fighting back tears. "Every Kashmiri on Hajj was in pain and praying all the time for their homeland," my father said.
Many of our relatives couldn't call to ask how the Hajj had been. My parents couldn't talk to their 10-year-old grandson until September, when some landline phones started working. Whenever I went to the media centre, the only place even a journalist like me could access the internet, I'd download photos of my nephew that my brother emailed to show my parents back home on my laptop. Seeing him on the screen would moisten their eyes.
Every time I left home for work, they would worry about not being able to ring me to check on me. There was no way I could contact them while I was out. Our mobiles were useless, lying in a corner. My mother never forgot to remind me to carry my ID card when I left home — just as she had when I was a teenager.
The internet shut down had lasted for 213 days when slow, 2G mobile internet was restored on March 4. At seven months long, it was the longest-ever internet shutdown imposed in a democracy, according to Access Now, an advocacy group that tracks internet suspensions worldwide.
Kashmiris' rights stripped away
In 2016, the United Nations declared access to the internet a human right. But from 2012 to 2019, Kashmiris had theirs shut down 206 times by the authorities. This year, the internet has been shut down 26 times so far.
In 2018, the internet was suspended 65 times, in 2017, 32 times. In 2016, after widespread protests after the killing of militant commander Burhan Wani, the internet was shut down for six months. Mobile data was suspended for 133 days.
As of this week, a ban on high-speed 4G has been in force for a full year. Children in Kashmir have had just two weeks schooling since last August. The ongoing ban on fast internet has deprived them of online classes and learning that so many children worldwide relied upon during the coronavirus pandemic.
The blackout period exacerbated the economic pain of the coronavirus lockdown, which came to Kashmir on March 21. The economic damage of the blackout to Kashmir was around $2.4 billion by the end 2019, according to the region's main trade organisation. In 2020, the Kashmiri economy has lost a further $5.3 billion.
Read more... Kashmir's 5-month internet blackout is the longest ever imposed in a democracy — and it's stifling local workers
By the end of 2019, more than 50,000 jobs had been lost in the handicraft sector from the internet shutdown — local artisans couldn't take fresh orders online from most of their clients outside the state and abroad. Kashmir Economic Alliance (KEA), a leading trade body, estimated that, in the first two months of the coronavirus lockdown, the handicraft business alone suffered further losses worth $4 million.
More than 30,000 hotel and restaurant workers lost their job after the blackout and clampdown last August. More than 10,000 people in the e-commerce sector also lost their jobs in the months that followed. The ban on the internet also hit several online businesses and IT companies in Kashmir that lost their clients, resulting in closures and thousands of job losses. They lost contact with hundreds of overseas clients.
Media toes the government line
While Kashmir was under siege, the mainstream Indian media were quite willing to toe the government line, praising our state's loss of autonomy as it was divided into two territories, governed by the authorities in New Delhi. Instead of being questioned, government spokespersons were given more space to air their views.
Most of the Indian media, particularly the mainstream Hindi and English news channels, made attempts to paint living under siege as some kind of a normalcy, playing down the denial of basic human rights. It was described with terms like "preventive step" and "temporary measures," and they lapped up the government's line that it was merely "full integration." One primetime anchor said: "Justice has been done. In the heart of every Indian, in yours and mine, there's an overwhelming sense of pride."
Even the pro-India politicians in Kashmir were rendered mute on August 5 last year, put under detention and booked under the Public Safety Act. Hundreds of youths, resistance leaders, and business leaders were simultaneously jailed. Some were moved to prisons outside Kashmir. The politicians, including three former chief ministers of the state, were kept uninformed by the ruling regime in New Delhi, and were not consulted before their state's autonomy was revoked.
In the end, like other Kashmiris, they were used, arrested, humiliated by the Indian state.Join the conversation about this story » NOW WATCH: Pathologists debunk 13 coronavirus myths
A new study from Harvard University has linked childhood trauma with changes in how fast one experiences biological aging. Known as adverse events in early life, this trauma can vary and include things like neglect, living in poverty, violence in the household, and similar things. Past research has linked these experiences with poor health outcomes later in life; the latest … Continue reading
(Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences) In a hospital, internal bleeding can be controlled with the transfusion of clotting agents, such as platelets, but they require careful storage and refrigeration and can't be carried by first responders. Now, researchers report an injectable clotting agent that reduced blood loss by 97 percent in mice models. The freeze-dried agent, which has a physical consistency of cotton candy, can be stored at room temperature for several months and reconstituted in saline before injection.
Dr. Imran Rasid is a board-certified therapist and founder of Stress Reduction Clinic in New Jersey, USA.Over 20 years experience, specializes in providing natural, safe and effective therapy to treat the wide spectrum of issues related to Psychological trauma such as Stress, Addictions, Anxiety, Panic Attack, Sleep disorder, Mood swings, Racing thoughts, Depression, Obesity, cigarette smoking, weight reduction, fear, and phobias.
It is also favoured by alcohol abuse, smoking, poor diet or sedentary lifestyle.This is a traumatic event that has a negative impact on the patient and his or her relatives.Fear and fear for oneself and one's loved ones dominate.Many people become depressed during hospitalization because they lack the willingness to live and hope that it can be normal.The patient's approach is very important, but also the support he receives not only from his relatives, but also from the medical staff.The post-infarction time is particularly difficult for people who have an active working life.
The hectic and fast-paced lifestyle has made stress quite common these days. Most of us deal with trauma regularly however the causes might differ. Coping up with personal or professional strain can be extremely daunting. But trying to understand the root cause and developing a couple of effective stress management tactics can change your life for better.Do you want to get the answers to every question connected with handling stress and associated challenges? If yes, be ready to dive deep into the concept but before that let’s get our basics right.How Would You Define Stress?In our daily lives, we need to adapt to a lot of changes and adjust ourselves. So, stress is basically how our body would react to that particular change and these reactions could be either physical, mental, or emotional.Changes are inevitable and hence you can’t remove them from your life. However, you can come up with your ways to deal with this pressure and this is where effective stress handling comes into the picture. Also, along with getting an idea of dealing with stress effectively, it’s important to understand its causes.The reasons of stress differ from one person to another but there are a couple of the major ones on which you should have a look:Excessive work pressure and no time to relaxConflicts in the familyIII. Financial crisesMundane routineEmotional crises like the sudden death of a loved one or situations like divorce, breakups, etc.What Could Be The Bad Effects Of Stress On An Individual?As we have seen that the causes of stress can be different similarly the effects aren’t the same on every individual. However, most of us experience issues like severe headaches or an upset stomach due to excess trauma. Also, some people might start isolating themselves because of constant stress. So, it depends on a person and we can’t specify the common effects of stress.What Are Some Of The Most Commonly Asked Questions About Stress?Everyone knows how to deal with traumatic situations. However, seamless stress management isn’t a piece of cake. So, before jumping on to the effective techniques of managing strain let’s explore the answers to some of the most commonly asked questions about stress.Q1. Is it even possible for anyone to avoid stress completely or be less affected?Well, as we know stress is inevitable in human life and hence you can’t avoid it completely. But by learning how to deal with it can be extremely helpful and you can choose a method in sync with your specific interests and preferences.Q2. How to identify when you are too stressed?Every individual experiences stress in different forms but some of the most common symptoms are irritability, anxiety, headache, etc. Also, some persons feel drained out completely when they are under excessive stress.Q3. Is over-stressing always harmful to your health?Not necessarily, as there is a variety of trauma that can go even unnoticed. However, chronic stress can be harmful to your health. Sometimes, one might feel stress because of something positive is lined up to occur and these kinds of stress aren’t detrimental at all.Finally, What Are Some Of The Best Techniques To Deal With Stress?So, eventually, the time has arrived for which we all were waiting. Here is the section where we are revealing some of the best techniques that one can use to handle traumatic conditions and maintain calmness. Let’s look at each one of these separately:Try to avoid stress-causing situations/people/places, etc.No one can eliminate all the stress from his/her life but avoiding situations that may cause trauma could be a great alternative. Analyze your life and identify areas causing stress. Try to stay away or end these chapters as nothing excellent going to come out even if you keep clinging on those.For example, if you are unhappy with your partner, discuss the issues in detail or end the equation before it becomes worse. Otherwise, your life will be like a living hell and nobody would be able to help you out.Leverage some quick stress busters for instant reliefThere are a plethora of techniques you can practice to get instant relief from that annoying stress such as breathing exercises. These activities can make your mind calm and gear you up to face the situation with new energy. Also, there are many other similar activities such as listening to favorite music, eating the food you love, calling your beloved, etc. There is no standard method as it all depends on your choices and preferences.Inculcate some healthy habits that can give you the freedom from stressQuick stress busters are great but they can’t help you in every stressful situation. So, you must start doing some activities such as yoga and meditation regularly. Making them an integral part of your life can boost your tolerance level and encourage flexibility toward stressors.Dealing with day-to-day strains is difficult but learning the art of effective stress management can be your lifesaver. The only thing to keep in mind is identifying your key challenges and developing habits in sync with your routine so that you can follow them to the core and get benefitted.
These days, you don’t need a cable television subscription or even an antenna to watch some of the best shows on TV.Fresh off its first season, the series has earned heaps of praise for its commentary on current sociopolitical issues and the psychological trauma veterans endure long after they leave the battlefield.Martin’s fantasy series A Song of Ice and Fire concluded its eight-season run with a controversial (to put it mildly) final arc.The series has received 23 nominations for Primetime Emmy Awards over its first four seasons, but has yet to take a trophy home.Jason Bateman plays a financial advisor who moves his family from Chicago to the remote Missouri Ozarks region after getting involved in a drug kingpin’s money-laundering scheme in this critically praised drama.This FX drama chronicles the rise of ballroom culture among the African American and Latino LGBTQ and gender-nonconforming community in New York City during the 1980s.
For the ongoing series, Code Word, we’re exploring if — and how — technology can protect individuals against sexual assault and harassment, and how it can help and support survivors.While it seems like survivors of sexual violence are more accepted and supported than ever, the conversations around trauma are still highly stigmatized, and too often focused on the accused rather than the survivors.But Catriona Morton, a writer and sexual assault survivor, wants to further destigmatize sexual violence with her new podcast After: Surviving sexual assault on BBC Sounds.Prior to this podcast, Morton had launched the blog Life Continues After as a safe space for survivors to share writing and art that helped them deal with their trauma.A year later, this blog evolved into her podcast, in which she invites people to talk about their experiences of sexual trauma and how they dealt with the aftermath.Here’s my little face telling you a little bit about my series ‘After: surviving sexual assault’ for @bbcsounds with @wisebuddah Today is Tom’s episode, a wonderful man who I had the honour to have a super honest and open conversation about the impact of CSA (childhood sexual abuse).